However, as Rothfels puts it in B, no one will be tempted to consider the 100% plebiscites in favor of Hitler as genuine expressions of support, reckoning the totalitarian methods and practices. Indeed it can be argued that the vote was biased as space on voting paper for “yes” was much bigger than “no”. Taking into consideration this fact, it remains doubtful whether Hitler really gained the consent of the Germans. In contrast to this, Johnson in D stresses that the German civilian population played a large part in its own control and in accommodating and colluding
It may be good to have power based on arms but it is better and more joyful to win and to keep the hearts of the people.” Throughout Triumph of the Will, adoration and approval for Hitler is clearly shown on the faces of those in the crowd. The documentary itself is propaganda because it portrays Hitler and the Nazi party as the good guys rather than exposing the evil and corruption within their regime. Nazism’s ideal of the power and purification of the race is predominately shown in The Triumph of the Will. Of the thousands of German citizens shown throughout the film, none are of Jewish decent. In the film, a Nazi leader states that “A people which does not hold with the purity of its race will perish”.
The elite undermined Weimar as a result of their traditional values and hatred of democracy. In addition, Hitler’s radical new approach to politics utilised the weaknesses in Weimar – he was charismatic and through propaganda convinced the public that he could be their saviour. During the years 1918-28 the Nazis had little impact on the political scene – apart from the failed Beer Hall Putsch, which did earn them admiration from some nationalists. However, during these years, some sections of the public were becoming increasingly disillusioned with Weimar. This was due to events like the devastating 1923 hyperinflation, and of course the Treaty of Versailles, which had tainted Weimar’s reputation from its inception.
What Evans means by this is that the desperation of the people led them to polarising their votes and seeing radical leaders like Hitler as a solution to the mess that Germany had become. Hitler took advantage of this, and from there was able to play a huge role in the collapse of the Weimar Republic. The economic strain that Germany was placed under was also a major impact of the Depression on the collapse of the Republic. Firstly, the Depression had the obvious impact of the debt rising and the banking crises however, there were a number other impacts. Germany relied heavily on international trade for resources; almost one third of their resources came from overseas.
Fighting between some of the leading Nazi’s also meant that it would have been near impossible to put together an effective economy with all missions heading towards the same aim. It is fair to say that the strengths towards this statement highly outweigh the weaknesses, as the war economy was very poorly coordinated due to the many factors that contributed to German war production decreasing. In February of 1942, Albert Speer was appointed as Minister of Armaments, which at the time was a crucial role in the Nazi’s dominant mechanism. This was became the centralising ministry amongst all
The reason behind their remaining in power has been put down to genuine support gained from popular policies introduced by Hitler. However others take a more cynical view that clever use of propaganda was used to enhance the image of the Nazis and Hitler to strengthen their support base as well as intimidate opposition. This use of intimidation and fear is put forward by other historians who argue that it was essential in preventing opposition and ensuring
In 1931 it lifted a ban on Catholics joining the Nazi party. Two years later is signed an agreement with Hitler that priests could not interfere with politics and the church would regulate its self. Although this seemed to work at the start, tensions rose as Hitler banned religious teaching in schools, and limited the influence of the church using his power over youth movements and newspaper. Hitler’s racism also enraged Pope Pius XI, and he condemned Hitler’s action in an encyclical saying that he was “sowing the seeds of suspicion, discord, hatred, and calumny”. In 1941, Cardinal Von Galen spoke out against the Nazi policy of euthanasia.
Assess the successes and failures of Hitler's domestic policies. Hitler’s domestic policies were a success due to the fact that the Nazis were able to Nazify the German population with little to no opposition. The Weimar Republic collapsed in 1933 due to its weak structure and their inability to resolve the deep economic crisis (Great Depression). Many Germans had turned to the Nazis because they had feared communism and sought a way out of the economic crisis, not because they supported the Nazi ideology. When Hitler and the Nazis achieved absolute power by early August 1934, their main goals were to Nazify the German people, improve the economy (with their National Socialistic ideals), and overall maintain absolute power within Germany, while pursuing their radical ideologies.