1939 Rest of the Czech lands occupied by the Germans. Germany invaded Poland. WWII began. Hitler’s Foreign Policy Aims When Hitler came to power he was determined to make Germany a great power again and to dominate Europe. He had set out his ideas in a book called Mein Kampf (My Struggle) that he had written in prison in 1924.
The most important aim of the social policy was to indoctrinate, this was essential to Hitler as he wanted to restrict opposition and create a 1000 year Reich. In order to Indoctrinate, systems had to be put in place to ensure only Nazi ideology was spoken of. This saw the establishment of the Hitler Youth. The importance Hitler attached to indoctrination is clearly shown as by 1936, as much as 60% of youth had joined the Hitler Youth, however force was involved and in 1939 it was made compulsory. Hitler targeted 10-18 years as he saw these as the future of Germany, this importance of this system is shown with the quote “He alone, who owns the youth, gains the future”.
The German public saw Hitler as god-like with his vast power and glorifying the German race as being the “master race.” When he finally reversed the power of the Treaty of Versailles and rebuilt Germany’s armed forces, the German nation basically did as he told them to do. This was seen as one of his major successes. Another would be numerous military successes. He united Germany after the humiliation of World War I and extended the Germen territory into Eastern Europe. This would be his military successes.
On the other hand, Nazism is a term referring to a political ideology and the regime of Adolf Hitler which was in power in Germany since 1933 to 1945. The Nazism's major emphasis was on the racial superiority of the Aryan people, the elimination of the Jews who were inferior. This paper compares and contrasts the Italian Fascist and German Nazi ideologies and practices. It will show their ultimate goals as well as define the role of woman in this time period. Similarities and differences between fascist Italy and Nazi Germany: The Nazism and the Italian fascism had a common aim of national rebirth or regeneration.
- Task Type | Research Essay | Due Date | Monday, Wk. 7 | Weighting | | Materials | | | | Name | Nick Argento | House | Anderson | task three research essay origins and rise of the Nazis task three research essay origins and rise of the Nazis The Rise of the Nazis To (Placeholder1)what extent was the rise to power of Hitler due to personal appeal and ability? Hitler seized, with apparent consummate skill, the imagination, and ultimately the reins of Germany. He was the source of the Nazis’ appeal, the focus of its imagery, and its ideological driver. However, despite clear use of his ability as an ideologue, Hitler’s rise to power and popularity is inversely proportional to the economic collapse, unemployment, instability and skepticism over the capacity of democracy to save Germany that did not bear his fingerprints.
Assess the significance of the “Night of the Long Knives” The Night of the Long Knives is significant, because it can be seen as the event that shut down Hitler’s opposition from both sides, through forcibly removing the Conservative elite and the SA as a political threat, while simultaneously gaining the armies support. The event in itself set a bad precedence for Nazi rule and can be seen as the beginning of the Nazi terror state. However, it is suggested Hitler’s removal of the SA, was necessary to stop revolution, on the other hand, it could be said the Night of the Long Knives was Hitler’s way of taking complete control of Germany. One effect of the Night of the Long Knives is its significance in the rise of the SS, led by Himmler, from its minimal standing as an extension of the SA, to independence. Bullock says that: “Himmler’s SS were now given their independence of the SA, and placed directly under Hitler’s orders with Himmler as SS Reichsfuehrer”# this source suggests that Himmler and the SS only became powerful through Hitler’s direction.
A. Plan of Investigation The investigation assesses to what extent the Munich agreement could be held as a success for Hitler. In order to evaluate the outcome of the events in Munich in 1938 to Hitler, the investigation is focused on examining how successfully Hitler achieved his aims, to what extent the Munich Agreement went along with his ideology and popular opinion in Germany and how did it help to promote Hitler’s standing. The written accounts of historians are used to evaluate the role of the Munich Agreement to Hitler. The two sources: “Hitler: The Study in Tyranny” written by Alan Bullock and “The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler” produced by Robert Payne, are evaluated in the essay for their origins, purposes, values and limitations.
Definition of totalitarian state according to Fredrich's 'six point syndrome' - must consist of an official ideology, a single mass party, terroristic police control, monopoly control of the media, a monopoly of arms, and central control of the economy. Despite some success in exerting a tight control over the media and army, with Hitler as Fuhrer and his ministers in control of certain aspects of German social, political, legal, economical, and cultural life during the years 1934 to 1939, there are significant features of the Nazi party that simply do not fit this all-embracing concept of totalitarianism. The existence of an official ideology of a rigid, organised, monolithic party led by an omnipotent figurehead is central to the concept of totalitarianism. Within the Nazi Party, power rested in individuals and not in party structure, which lead to administrative structures becoming increasingly fragmented and dislocated, intensifying interpersonal frictions and feeding them back into the system; and the scope for rational and accountable decision making, let alone long term policy making, became more and more constrained. The central proposition here is that the relentless dynamism and the commitment to a politics of struggle that had carried the Nazi movement into power were dispersed into the political system as a whole after 1933, depriving it of any stability or predictability.
‘The government of the Nazi state was chaotic and lacked coherence in the years 1933 to 1939.’ How far do you agree with this opinion? Explain your answer, using the evidence of Sources V, W and X and your own knowledge of the issues related to this contreversy. The Nazi state has been seen to have adopted a system in which the upper echelons of the party would collide as an attempt to gain the Fuhrers attention. This view meant that the government was seen to be chaotic and lack coherence in the years 1933 to 1939. This view is supported by the orthodox historical opinion which is explained in source V by Michael Burleigh.
The National Socialist (Nazi) ideology aimed to appeal to all in different ways, and this, it did. The Nazi ideology was extremely nationalistic; the Nazi party aimed to have a strong Germany, where all the Germanic people would be united together in one large country. Wanting to re-establish the “Great Germany” that once was, the Nazis attracted the support of many right-wing Germans, as well as the military, which had been severely restricted as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. As well as being very nationalistic, the ideology was very revanchist; after having lost 13% of resource- rich land in the Treaty of Versailles, the Nazis aimed to reacquire the land that had been taken from Germany. Along with supporting their claim for a “Great Germany”, this revanchism would allow for the necessary lebensraum (living space) for all Germans.