History-Russian Revolution-Key Events Essay

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Events Emancipation of the Serfs-1861. First and most important of liberal reforms effected during the reign of Alexander II of Russia. Emancipation Manifesto proclaimed the emancipation of the serfs on private estates and of the domestic serfs. By this edict more than 23 million people received their liberty. Serfs were granted the full rights of free citizens, gaining the rights to marry without having to gain consent, to own property and to own a business and peasants would be able to buy the land from the landlords. ‘The Reaction’-Alexander II’s assassination by Social Revolutionaries, The People’s Will led to even more severe measures being imposed by his successor, Alexander III (1881-94). These were so oppressive they gained the title ‘the Reaction’. Trans-Siberian Railway project-Witte’s special project. Constructed between 1891 and 1902. The line stretched for 3750 miles from Moscow to Vladivostok and was intended to connect the remoter regions of the central and eastern empire with the industrial west and encourage migration of workers to areas where they were most needed. Sections of it were still incomplete in 1914 and it didn’t greatly improve east-west migration. Sergei Witte’s economic reforms-Loans: Witte negotiated large loans and investments from abroad, while imposing heavy taxes and high interest rates at home. Tariffs: Witte limited the import of foreign goods. Protective tariffs were set up to safeguard Russia’s young domestic industries. Gold Standard: 1897; Russian currency was put on the Gold Standard. Hope was that this would create financial stability and encourage international investment in Russia. April Theses- 4 April 1917. Series of directives issued by Lenin upon his return to Petrograd at Finland Station. He called for soviets to take power (slogan "all power to the soviets"), denounced liberals and social democrats in
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