In 1804,, Napoleon elected himself emperor of France and again France was under the rule of a dictator. These two rulers may have started out differently, but, in the end, they took advantage of their power and became dictators. The goals of Napoleon and Robspierre re one
From 1799 to 1815, how far did Napoleon maintain the aims of the French Revolution? The main aims of the French revolution before Napoleon came to power was to promote “Liberty, equality and fraternity” by putting an end to feudal privileges and the absolute rule of the monarchy and the king. Napoleon made many reforms in France which mainly supported the ideas of the revolution. However he also made several steps in securing himself as an absolute ruler of France, going against the ideas of the revolution. In October 1799 Napoleon became first consul of the government and in so being became the most powerful man in France.
This was the first time the body had met since 1614. Angered by Louis' refusal to allow the three estates - the first (clergy), second (nobles) and third (commons) - to meet simultaneously, the Third Estate proclaimed itself a national assembly, declaring that only it had the right to represent the nation. Nonetheless, against a background of military defeat by Austria and Prussia, the revolutionary leadership was becoming increasingly radicalised. In September 1792, the new National Convention abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. Louis was found guilty of treason and executed at the guillotine on January 21, 1793.
So the Prussian Army, lead by General Gebhard von Blucher and the Anglo-Allied Army, lead by the Duke of Wellington decided to mobilize and conduct a coordinated invasion against the French in 1815. Napoleon was definitely going to have to think of something to get him out of this one because the Prussian Army was a metaphorical machine and the Duke of Wellington’s army was just as experienced. All the western European countries mobilized together and the Seventh Coalition was attempting to defeat Napoleon. Napoleon had to use strategy to win this battle. He knew that the number of soldiers he had were greatly outnumbered by all the country’s armies that wanted to end his rule, so he had to act fast.
He came into power during the Napoleonic Wars, and is most remembered for his involvement in these wars and his sudden change from an active liberal ruler to a more moderate czar. Originally Alexander I relaxed political repression, but later in his reign he joined Metternich in the Holy Alliance in a movement to subdue national and liberal movements. Alexander died in 1825, and Decembrist revolts followed as people argued over his successor. After his brother's death in 1825, Czar Nicholas I came to power. Nicholas is remembered for his much harsher treatment of the people and constant strife for more power.
| France | | January 21,1793 | [Enter description]The Execution of King Louis XVI by the Guillotine Took Place at Place de la Revolution or Translated as Revolution Square, Formerly Known as Place Louis XV | Paris | | August 22, 1795 | [Enter description] The Constitution of 22 August 1795 which was also known as the Constitution of the Year III, or Commonly Referred to as the Constitution of 5 Fructidor was the National Constitution of France ratified by the National Convention. | France | | November 15–17, 1796 | [Enter description]The Battle of Arcole or sometimes known as the Battle of Arcola was fought between French and Austrian forces as part of
After the fall of the great leader Napoleon, the Austrian Foreign minister was given the job to organize the whole of Europe in the Congress of Vienna. The Congress of Vienna was headed by Metternich. There were other leaders from different countries and their main goal was to “create a lasting peace by establishing a balance of power and protecting the system of monarchy” Metternich was a crafty leader. He made sure that Austria played a vital role as it was one of the largest countries in Europe. The French Revolution of 1830 showed that ideas of liberalism and civic nationalism would spread.
Why did Louis Philippe become king in 1830? (8) Louis Philippe was a direct descendant of Louis XVIII, and the eldest son of Philippe, duc d’orleans. His father had supported the revolution and favoured the execution of Louis XVI and his family had a pedigree of support for revolutionary principles. In July 1830, the opponents of Charles X were divided about whom or what should replace him. Many of the popular Parisian leaders, supported by the workers and students favoured a republic under the presidency of Lafayette.
As allies the two men had fought against the French in the Battle of Puebla, but once Juárez rose to power Díaz tried to unseat him. Díaz began his reign as president in 1876, and ruled until May 1911 when Francisco I. Madero succeeded him, taking office in November 1911. Díaz's regime is remembered for the advances he brought in industry and modernization, at the expense of human rights and liberal reforms. He worked to reduce the power of the Roman Catholic Church and expropriated some of their large property holdings. PorfirioDíaz's government from 1876–1910 has become known as the Porfiriato.
The third estate now held the majority in France under the new constitution. The revolutionary boldness of the third estate therefore was a contributing factor to the French revolution and without the Enlight¬enment; the third estate might not have had as much courage and boldness. The “Declarations of the rights of man and the citizen” was issued in the 26th of August 1789, which was not long after the Tennis Court Oath. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen was set of individual rights and col-lective rights, of all of the estates as one. It was influenced by the doctrine of natural rights, these rights were universal; they were supposed to be valid in all times and places, pertaining to human