History of the English Speaking Questions Essay

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Inglise keelt kõnelevate maade ajalugu 1. Stonehenge Stonehenge is one of the best known ancient wonders of the world and is thought to be 5,000 years old. It is one of the megalith monuments built by “Western Mediterraneans” during 3,000-1600 BC. Stonehenge is a circular structure of large standing stones, aligned with the rising sun at the solstice and surrounded by an earthwork. Antlers and bones were utilised to dig the pits that hold the stones. It is unknown why it was built; it might have been a place of sun worship or part of a huge astronomical calendar. 2. 3. The Celts in Britain and their legacy 700-200 BC the Celts invade Britain in two big waves: Gaels or Goidels (still to be found in Ireland and Scotland) and Cymri (now in Wales) and Brythons (gave the name to Britain and later to Brittany) All these tribes probably came from Central Europe or even from Southern Russia. They were known as fierce fighters and superb horsemen. Most of them were farmers who lived in round thatched houses. They were good at art and at craftsmanship, used iron. They were divided into different tribes ruled by kings or chiefs, lived in small kingdoms and constantly fought against each other. Only on rare occasions, in the face of great danger, would Celtic tribes combine to choose a single leader. There were two main groups of routes by which goods and people travelled between the countries. Hill-forts, isolated farms or groups of farms sometimes amounting to villages (often surrounded by small enclosures), churches, extensive field system, woodland, and great open stretches of pasture, new types of weapons and objects made of iron – all this is the legacy of Celts. Of course we cannot forget the language and culture. 4. Caesar in Britain Caesar was the great Roman Emperor who first came to Britain in 55 BC on a punitive expedition partly to gather
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