History Of Suburbanization

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Joshua Koprowski 4/23/12 His306 Second cumulative Essay Suburbanization and the Decline of the American City The Suburbanization of America although not commonly realized, is indeed one of the most striking features of the 20th century. For Americans this process has changed where we live and how we live. No longer is the city and countryside completely separate, rather for many of us, these two ideas have formed together into a new urban environment. Although the urban and suburban areas in American cities today are both seen today, it is important to note that the 20th century suburban revolution came at the expense of urbanization that exploded during the 19th century. To understand the causes and effects of this decline, it is important to first understand the relationship between suburbanization, race, economic factors and government intervention. According to Chudacoff’s Major Problems: Chapter 7, the growth of Black urban communities during the start of the 20th century brought about a much needed labor force to the growing industrial cities there. Among the shift from rural to urban industry, the greatest shift of people was found in the Black community. The reason for this shift and ultimately the creation of the Black ghetto in Chicago during this time according to Grossman was without a doubt due to the race line. White industry owners before this time would find it necessary to hire white workers over black workers in any position, which limited and crippled Blacks in the labor market. Grossman states “the emergence of the physical ghetto coincided with widening racial discrimination in Chicago and other northern cities, which forced blacks to make decisions circumcised by their exclusion from a variety of social and economic institutions. Increasing separation opened new opportunities for business, professional,

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