History Of Slavery In America

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SLAVERY IN AMERICA Slavery in America began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. They were brought over to aid in the production of tobacco. Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African-American slaves helped build the economic foundations for the United States of America. Most of them worked in mines or on plantations, while some became servants or maids. The northern states developed an economy based on small farms and growing industry. In the south, however, the economy was based on large agricultural plantations and slave labor. These plantations needed many workers to take care of the farms; therefor slavery was more common in the South. When slaves worked in large groups such as in mines or on farms, they were often over-worked and punished. They would be forced to work from sunrise to sunset, and were given minimal amount of food. Many people believe that the Civil War was about North's struggle to emancipate the slaves and South's fight to continue the slave trade. However, it should be remembered that the North did not go to war to emancipate the slaves, instead Abraham Lincoln, before becoming the President had explicitly stated that his aim wasn't to abolish slavery, but to…show more content…
But successfully doing this was more difficult than anticipated. Although the institution of slavery was gone forever, the attitudes and habits that put it in place remained deeply engrained in Southern society. Once the Southern states regained self-government, they found ingenious ways of excluding blacks from the political process, for example by imposing literacy tests and so called grandfather clauses. (You could only vote if a familymember had the right to vote before the civil
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