History of Psychology Essay

977 Words4 Pages
History of Psychology Michael Trevino PSY/310 7/1/2013 Bonnie Johnson History of Psychology Psychologists should be genuinely grateful to philosophers. Greek philosophers such as Aristotle, Socrates and Plato in addition to Western traditional philosophers, Descartes, Locke and Kant, primarily have attributed to the development of psychology as a formal discipline. Many of the theories they developed are primary questions of modern psychology. Psychology is new as a science; in fact, the development of psychology during the 19th century branched into many perspectives. Ancient Greek Philosophers Many central themes and questions raised in present-day psychology are found originating from ancient Greece. According to Jennifer Vadeboncoeur: Three philosophers - Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle - established the branch of philosophy called epistemology, which is the study of the origin, nature, and methods of the construction of human knowledge. Embedded in their philosophical works are themes relating to psychological issues, such as the development of knowledge, truth, understanding, reasoning, and the basic principles of human memory (Psychology survey, 2001, para. 3). Socrates stated the truth was buried in the mind, encouraging his students to see truth by question and dialogue. Plato claimed knowledge derives from reflection and reasoning, using logical syllogism methods to study physical phenomena and human psyche. Plato also theorized individual skills were hereditable, though he was incorrect about the location of the body in which they were located. Aristotle claimed mental processes are a reflection of associations between experiences with other people, objects, and events. Philosophers of Western Tradition Many ideas refuted in

More about History of Psychology Essay

Open Document