Contrast Sigmund Freud’s view of human nature with the view of Abraham Maslow. With which, if either, view do you agree? 4. Altruism refers to behavior that helps others but does not appear to help the person performing the behavior. Describe an example of altruistic behavior, and state how a psychodynamic psychologist might explain the behavior.
In cultural psychology the mental processes are compared with the society and the individual who has grown up in that society. Comparatively, cross-cultural psychologists systematically research behavior across cultures in different cultural situations (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Critical Thinking Critical thinking in cross-cultural psychology is important because cross-cultural psychology is about identifying the similarities and differences in individuals and how they function in his or her culture. Critical thinking is about making realistic, valid and reasonable evidence. Critical thinking is described as maintaining an attitude that is open=minded and doubtful (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
Behaviorist: The study of a subject through examination and analysis of objectively observable events. This is to be in contrast to the mental state of the subject. Humanist: Studying of social structures of entire societies including language and culture. Concentrating on human activities and abilities. Cognitive: Mental processes and skills are analyzed with this perspective.
After the accident it appeared that he had become someone completely different exhibiting behaviors that were opposite of his core personality. Contributions to Cognitive Psychology “I think therefore I am” this famous quote by Rene Descartes can easily sum up the human condition. However it raises the question “where does thought come from?” In the study of cognitive psychology the examination of the brain is essential to understanding how and where thought originates. Early on in the science of psychology two standard schools of thought prevailed, the holistic and the phrenology or the idea that cognitive capabilities are separated throughout the brain. Although both have something to offer neither can claim full victory over truth.
The untrained individuals would look at psychopathology as being a study of mental disorders on the mere manifestation of different behaviors. However, we in the field of psychology would determine what is by going through the basics. It is commonly referred to as abnormal psychology which is the clear understanding of nature, certain treatments, and the many different causes. There are several ways in fact to where individuals in the field of psychology may use to explain psychology. For example, one psychologist may use descriptive psychopathology to which will strive to provide answers for symptoms or mental illness.
Why or why not? In my honest opinion prejudice is hard to measure because it cannot accurately be predicted or judge by a test. I feel like prejudice cannot be measured accurately because the test shows the association between different groups. The only thing I can see the implicit association test is measured are the groups that I may belong to or fit in. People cannot show the result of being or prejudice because people are known to select things that they are more familiar with, things that they are more commutable with, and things that they see in their everyday environment.
As a result, this document can fail to accurately represent a culture, producing misleading data. - One major problem for deindividuation theory is that deindividuation can produce increases in pro-social behaviour rather than aggressive behaviour. - Deindividuation can also lead to a freeing of inhibitions rather than aggression - For example: Gergen et al – men and women were placed in either a lit room (control group) or a completely dark room (experimental group) - Participants who did not know each other were told that there are no rules about what they do together. Also told that after the study, they would not interact with each other. - Participants in the lit room – found the experiment a boring experience - Participants in dark room – First 15 minutes, participants in the dark room chatted idly.
This is done instead of having findings that are objective. Social psychology has a high number of main ideas but some of them are: 1) how the attitudes of people, biology, social influences, and personalities shape a person’s behavior; 2) how social reality is constructed individual; 3) a person’s social intuition; and 4) how the principles of social psychology is able to be used in everyday life (Myers, 2010). Social reality is constructed with materialistic assumption which understands that a subjective interpretation of the world is separate from an objective world. However, viewing reality can only happen by looking through a lens of a person’s individual beliefs and values. Even more, social intuition is the power being having a snap judgment about a person and it also becomes dangerous after reasoned
These big ideas can be categorized under social thinking, social influence, or social relations. The idea that we construct our social reality falls under social thinking, it describes the natural human urge to explain behavior, by attempting to attribute it to a cause, in order to make it seem orderly, predictable, and controllable (Myers, 2010). According to social psychology our social intuitions are powerful and sometimes perilous, suggesting that the human ability to understand something immediately, molds or influences behavior because it also shapes fears, attitudes, impressions, and relationships (Myers, 2010). It is also believed that social influences shape behavior as does behavior shape social influences. Myers (2010) provides an example as to how behavior is shaped by social influences making humans social creatures, “We speak and think in words we learned from others (Social psychology, p. 7).
For example “While this analysis does not examine mammography-related outcomes because of the level of depth and breadth of information collected with respect individual level SEP, neighborhood level SEP and perceived racial discrimination” (148). Here the authors use the words SEP and monograph to specifically state what their analysis concerns to. By adding complicated words and phrases to their sentences the authors do not make it easy for their ideas to be conveyed across, but by not being direct and straightforward stimulates/ portrays to the reader that the author has a deep understanding of the idea at