As Murray Stein described in his report: . . . We came to China as representatives of IAAP, curious as to what we would find in this vast and ancient civilization which is just now once again opening to the West and aware that this would be an historic event if the contact between Jungian psychology and the Chinese we were to meet turned out to be auspicious. (1995, 12) Shen Heyong Jung Journal: Culture & Psyche, Volume 3, Number 2, pp.
Similarly, only the Ryukyu (33%) and Ainu (45%) Japanese people have the antibody ATL, whereas the descendants of Yamato (mongols) (0-8%) have very small values across Japan, and so on. Also, the ancient eskimos not only migrated to
Japan adopted Confucianism in the 6th century (Ping & Lili, 2010), and it has developed in Japan since then. The early stage of Confucianism in Japan did not see much growth in Japanese society, as Confucianism was considered a foreign culture. In a society that emphasizes nationalism as much as Japanese society, foreign culture does not usually easily make an impact. In the Kamakura period, Confucianism in Japan had to co-exist with Buddhism, and failed to achieve individual development. Not until Edo period did Confucianism in Japan flourish and entered its peak era, becoming what is known as Japanese Confucianism (Ping & Lili 2010).
The Common People and Painting T A T S U AKAI R ~ ....... 167 8. Kabuki and Its Social Background MASAKATSU ... 192 GUNJI .......................... 213 9. Tokugawa Society CHIENAKANE Historical Dates: A Chronology ............................... 232 An Equivalency Chart ......................................... 233 Contributors .................................................... 234 Index ........................................................... 235 Chapter One The Bakuhan System The epoch known as early modern society is one stage in a general divides Japanese history into ancient, nd modern eras. It covers the three Oda Nobunaga, aspiring to unify the country, entered Kyoto, home of the emperor and the Ashikaga shogun, to 1867 when the Tokugawa bakufu fell. Specifically, the 265 years after 1603, when Tokugawa Ieyasu established the bakufu, or military government, in Edo, are referred to as the Tokugawa or Edo period.
Title. QA276.B47200l 519.5--dc21 00-031377 Acquisition Editor: Kathleen Boothby Sestak Editor in Chief: Sally Yagan Assistant Vice President of Production and Manufacturing: David W. Riccardi Executive Managing Editor: Kathleen Schiaparelli Senior Managing Editor: Linda Mihatov Behrens Production Editor: Bob Walters Manufacturing Buyer: Alan Fischer Manufacturing Manager: Trudy Pisciotti Marketing Manager: Angela Battle Marketing Assistant: Vince Jansen Director of Marketing: John Tweeddale Editorial Assistant: Joanne Wendelken Art Director: Jayne Conte Cover Design: Jayne Conte }'I('I1II(\' lI,dl @2001, 1977 by Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, in any form Or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 I i ISBN: D-13-85D363-X Prentice-Hall International (UK) Limited, London Prentice-Hall of Australia Pty. Limited, Sydney Prentice-Hall of Canada Inc., Toronto Prentice-Hall Hispanoamericana, S.A., Mexico Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi Prentice-Hall of Japan, Inc., Tokyo Pearson Education Asia Pte.
There are many different ways in which the activity was preformed to a more specific degree, but this is the core structure of the ceremony. Style and manner used while preforming the ceremony is called Otemae. Ceremonies even had certain equipment and architectures dedicated to them, for example, the whisks used were called chasen and were carved of a single piece of bamboo. Historical Origins Tea, like most influences of premodern Japan, roots itself in China. Tea plants didn’t grow in Japan until the first seeds were brought from China during the Tang dynasty (China 618-907), when relations and cultural exchanges between the two countries reached a peak (japanese-tea-ceremony.net).
As a primary school student, I was introduced to the art of origami, “a form of paper art where folding is the primary technique to achieve an effect.” (Joseph Wu). It is an art form that has most commonly been associated with Japanese culture and recognized as a traditional Japanese art, however it is widely believed by various scholars and artists that paper folding began sometime in the first century AD in China, and only began in Japanese culture upon the introduction of paper to Japan in the 6th century. Regardless of its true origins, origami has become an important aspect of Japanese culture and the art form can still be seen today in Japan and throughout the world. Origami has developed throughout the years, from recreational paper folding, to the use of origami as an educational tool. Wikipedia gave a brief overview of the history of the art of paper folding.