History of Naturopathy & Iridology

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When and by who were they 'invented'? The core values of Naturopathy were in practice around 400BC, where they were taught by Hippocrates at his school of medicine. It wasn't until 1902 however when modern naturopathy was invented. The term 'naturopathy' was used by Dr. Benedict Lust, who founded the American School of Naturopathy (Jarvis, W,T 1997). Iris analysis was practiced by the Chaldeans and Ancient Egyptian around 1000BC, as shown from depictions of the iris on carved stone slabs (Pure Health; School of Natural Medicine, UK 2008). Though used for centuries prior, the detail available today is due to Hungarian Dr. Ignatz von Peczely. Peczely noticed changes to the iris of an owl he was nursing back to health in 1861. He wrote the book 'Discoveries in the Realms of Nature and Art of Healing', and released his iris chart in 1880. This was compiled with findings from analyzing the eyes of patients before and after surgery (Health Dimensions 2004). How have the therapies changed over time? Through advancements in technology, the reliability and validity of naturopathic practice has improved. Since the formation of the American School of Naturopathy, from 1900-1917, multiple forms of natural medicine were combined into the one system of naturopathy (BNMDP & NMCC 2012). During the early 1920s, the naturopathic movement had reached its peak in awareness and popularity. The suppression of the naturopathic movement occurred during 1930-1970 due to an incline in social and political dominance of allopathic medicine. it re-emerged in the 1960s, which saw the opening of universities and the gradual integration of alternative healing in society (ANTA 2015). Today, only those sufficiently qualified may treat a patient by identifying and diagnosing ailments. Due to this, the term 'iris analysis' developed which indicates how iridologists find weaknesses in

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