In 1902, Lust founded the American School of Naturopathy, which taught of the healing power of nature and importance of increasing the vital force (Thiel 2000, p.3). Acupuncture is an ancient method of healing originating in China, dating back to approximately 6000 years ago to which credit cannot be given to a singular founder (Chang 1976, p.3). The oldest known text, dating back to the first century BC is the Yellow Emperor’s classic of Internal Medicine, which defines acupuncture as a valid medical system (Chang 1976, p.14). However by the time of this text, Acupuncture was already an established practice of medicine flourishing in and throughout China (Chang 1976, p.14). From these origins, both naturopathy and acupuncture have grown and advanced to the more scientific based practice they are today (Thiel 2000, p.5).
Heather Poland Med. History Mr. Hysell March 4, 2013 Adelard of Bath—A Questioning Spirit Adelard of Bath was a teacher of Arabic science who was born in England in 1080 and died in 1145. Adelard studied in France and traveled to numerous Muslim lands and soon built an outlook on Aristotle’s philosophic approach. Adelard gave greater attention to the natural world and what it consisted of. Adelard’s nephew was responding to Adelard’s thoughts of Aristotle and God in the article Natural Questions.
The need for healthcare was the catalyst that drove to the spreading and perfecting of acupuncture. (Liangyue et al., 1987/1999). In the year 1899, Liu Zhongheng wrote a book that helped the studying of acupuncture through combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine called Illustrations of the Bronze Figure with Chinese and Western Medicine. (Liangyue et al., 1987/1999 introduced t). It wasn’t unitl 1934 that the cutting-edge practice called electrical stimulation was born.
(Jensen 1980, p2) This essay compares whole Healing system, Naturopathy and modality, Iridology considering when and by who were they invented, how have the therapies changed over time, what philosophies do they have about healing, how do they define the terms ‘health’ and ‘ disease’ and how whole healing system and modality are similar. Hippocrates, the ancient Greek “Father of Medicine” is the first advocate of Naturopathic medicine yet the term Naturopathy was coined in 1895 by John scheel. Then Benedict Lust, the father of U.S. Naturopathy purchased the term. (Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, 2013) The Lust, a German immigrant brought Naturopathy to United States in 1902 and founded a school of Naturopathy. Before Benjamin Lust, a form of Naturopathy also can go back to 18th and 19th century.
A European physician, Professor A Weichselbaum, discovered the cause of the mysterious cerebro-spinal meningitis illness in 1887 and Penicillin was the first antibiotic used to fight the disease. In 1978 the first vaccine was created and mass vaccinations during that year caused a substantial decline in the number of meningitis outbreaks (Fredericks, n.d.). There are three main types of meningococcal disease serogroups: B, C, and Y. Worldwide there are also A and W-135. USA vaccines cover A, C, W-135, and Y but not B (Coffee, 2015).
Dove began development in the United States as a nonirritating skin cleanser for the treatment of burns and wounds during World War II. In the late 1950’s, the Dove bar was reformulated and then introduced to the consumer market as beauty bar soap. In the late 1070’s, Dove had an independent clinical research study found that Dove beauty bar was the mildest compare to 17 different leading soaps, thus began the full on campaign push to the consumer on the beauty bar’s mildness. The trend that followed with the campaign was how the Dove product line of shampoos, conditioners, deodorants, and hair care products under the Unilever name, one of the largest consumer products company, will emphasize product brand name and build a reputation on Dove products to be the best moisturizing and mildest of all consumers of all ages. The issues that the Dove beauty care line was the competition, lack of a target (consumer) audience, and brand image.
invented many surgical tools and the use of the cesarean section. Under Augustus, established a military medical organization that was one of the first field surgery units. saved countless lives through use of medical innovations like tourniquets and surgical clamps to reduce blood loss. performed physicals on new soldiers and helped stop the spread of disease by monitoring sanitation in military camps. known to disinfect instruments in hot water before use, being the first to use antiseptic means before surgery- something that was not fully embraced until the 19th
SOCH111 – History of Healing Assignment B – Written Essay Name: Kristina Bannister Student Number: 244020 Due Date: 15/06/2014 Word Count: 773 Traditional Chinese Medicine/Massage & Acupuncture Traditional Chinese medicine originated in ancient China over a thousand years ago. The first types of medicine that led to the discovery of Chinese medicine were during the Neolithic period. Stone tools called ‘Bian Shi’ were specially shaped for making small incisions in the skin, which was an early form of acupuncture which dates back to about 3000BC (Traditional Chinese Medicine 2001). Traditional Chinese medicine uses herbal medicines and various mind and body practices, such as acupuncture and tai chi to help prevent health problems. (National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009).
Clinical psychology is defined as “the study of individuals, by observation or experimentation, with the intention of promoting change” (Compas & Gotlib, 2001). While the field of clinical psychology continued to expand, psychiatrists remained working with patients noted to have severe mental illnesses. During World War I, the two intelligence tests Army Alpha (verbal skills) and Army Beta (nonverbal skills) were introduced, making assessment the key focus of clinical psychology (Compas & Gotlib, 2001). The America Association of Clinical Psychology was established in 1917; following the creation of The American Association of Applied Psychology (APA) in 1930. The APA
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASS AND HEALTH Introduction The intent to explain relationship between social class and health has a long and consistent history. In the 19th century, Farr Engels in England attempted to explore systematically the relationship between social conditions and health (Susser et al, 1985). Back in 1911, under Chief Medical Officer T.H.C. Stevenson, the British General Register Office introduced an ordinal five part occupational classification ranked from low (Class I) to High (Class V). The Register General classification scheme is still used in Britain today, although Class III (skilled occupations) was split in 1970 into manual (IIIa) and non-manual (IIIb) occupations (Susser et al, 1985).