This also meant that the land was not used to it full potential, all these factors lead to the famines and causing peasants to up rise using violence against government officials. This was on the verge of the revolution. The deep resentment from the peasantry towards the Tsar increased after the war as lots of money had being invested in the war and Russia had lost. Moreover, Sergei Witte had tried to improve the economy of Russia but it was to make sure that the Russian social order stayed the same. Due to industrialisation, factories were built which lead to rapid growth of population in the towns and cities for example from 98 million in 1885 to 125 million in 1905.
Working ten, eleven, even twelve hour days sowing continuously a product they will only receive cents for completing. A nightmare for most here in the United States is a daily routine for many growing up in less fortunate countries. Called sweatshops, these young boys and girls are forced to work in dangerous and unhealthy conditions not because they choose, but simply to survive. Places where recess is an abstract concept, children are denied an education and obligated to work tirelessly for only enough to survive. Out of sight and thus out of mind of many western consumers, these children have been ignored and their exploitation continues.
This was because 80% of the population lived in poverty and although the serfs were emancipated in 1861 they were still forced to pay redemption payments up until 1905. An increasing population meant that rural disturbances were growing as 1905 approached as a shortage of food and land became worse as higher taxes were put on those who could barely afford them in order to pay for the industrialisation of Russia. There were also disturbances from minorities who wanted an end to Russification, like Georgia and Poland who wanted autonomy and independence. As well as this, the growing industry in Russia meant more and more workers were moving to towns and cities in order to find a better life when in reality there was only low wages, poor living conditions and long hours. Due to this discontent began to grow in more densely populated areas and from the later part of the 1890s more and more strikes were happening.
Although the economy was fast growing, the over-populated, unsanitary conditions had a huge effect on people in Britain, particularly the working-class. Poynter (1969). The Poor Law
They were forced to live in squalor, however, being discriminated against and paid the lowest wages possible, hardly enough to live by (“The Industrial Revolution in America,” 2013). Women’s lives during this time changed as well. One way is that their role as homemaker was removed for some time, as they also joined
This caused the people to flock to America and seek new job opportunities. Another reason was over-population in the cities. The overcrowding of tens and thousands of people in one town in filthy conditions caused a book of problems. The bubonic plague was one, which brought one example of many economic declines, in the production of food and imports and widespread of malnutrition. Other problems included higher prices, lower purchasing power, and years of poor harvest.
For the act of being even momentarily late to work, workers were charged twopence, and some factories would even close the gates of the factory, which disallowed workers from going to their job if tardy (A Working Day in a Manchester Cotton Mill 154). As workers were often poor and relied on their factory jobs for income, even one tardy could create a negative impact on them. Another factor contributing to bad working conditions in the factories was the disregard of the workers’ hygiene. Many factories did not have baths established (A Working Day in a Manchester Cotton Mill 155). Laborers often had no way to keep themselves clean, which was worsened by the factories’ already dirty environment.
People were being constantly threatened by unsafe working conditions, long working hours, dirt, pollution, and infections. Government was finally forced to employ restrictions on businesses since people were questioning whether the businesses turned into completely self-regulatory money-making factories. However, since it was not possible for the employers to employ children as a cheap work force and had to provide care for the other workers, they tried to look for a solution elsewhere. Another problem was the fall of agriculture since almost all the work force moved to the industrial field. Thirdly, the lack of resources, or rather the high amount of expenses that had to be made in order to gain access to the resources created problems for manufacturers.
As an result the farmers drifted into cities and small town hence they did not possess the necessary skills which were needed to obtain and uphold an position . Therefore pauperism became a national problem. Within several attempts the first being the voluntary aims were to be collected in the different of the country. However with no avail that hardly alleviated the problem. There was discrimination between the privileged and unprivileged which caused the poor law to make a clear definition of the poor and the services.
However the railway took a long time to build with parts of it not being completed meaning that this didn’t happen and no one benefited from it. The working and living conditions of these people living in the urban areas was awful as many were encouraged to live in cities but couldn’t afford it when they arrived as wages were low and didn’t rise with inflation. Disease spread quickly and houses were crowded with several families. There was no government protection for workers and as there were real trade unions it was almost impossible for any problems to be heard let alone action be taken. ???