History Of Early Warfare

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ANTIQUITY TO MODERN DAYS WARFARE Warfare cannot be separated from other activities in human history. Virtually all human societies have engaged in warfare in one form or another. One common explanation is to look at warfare exclusively from the perspective of technology and resources. At their most simple, these explanations argue that societies with access to the “best” weapons, or larger quantities of weapons, win wars. Beside that we can include how the technologies and other resources cannot stand alone without supreme leaderships through every phase of warfare itself. Therefore we can mapped each warfare based on the time it happens. I. The Classical Age (to 500 CE) a. Thermopylae, Greece 480 BCE Spartan citizens could devote their time exclusively to military service, all male Spartans owed military service to their polis. Greek soldiers formed dense groupings called phalanxes that were usually eight to sixteen men deep. Phalanxes, when packed together, provided an impressive wall of heavily armed men. For the phalanx to succeed, the men had to practice rigid discipline; if the phalanx broke, all of the hoplites might well be killed. b. Macedonian, to 500 BCE The man who finally beat the Greek system was a Macedonian and one of the greatest military minds of all time was Alexander the Great. His use of flexible, fast arms like cavalry and light infantry. Alexander’s success is partly a function of his using infantry in combination with slings, archers, and light cavalry. c. Romans, to 500 BCE Romans copied many of Greece and macedonian features, along with rigid discipline. Romans replicating mostly all the method that greece done, Romans differed from the Greeks in their understanding of leadership. By contrast, Roman generals in the empire period became so powerful that their men often swore oaths of loyalty to them personally. d.

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