History of Catapults

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History of Catapults Tobias Carbajal All throughout history, catapults have been used to launch objects across great distances in order to destroy standing objects especially for fighting. There are five main types of catapults. The earliest of catapults consist of the Shadouf and the Trebuchet catapults. Next on the list follows the Ballista, and after that was built the Onager and Mangonel. Catapults have more to them than just damage. “Shadoufs have been around since the beginning of recorded history.” Shadoufs have been used in Egyptian history around the 1500 B.C.E. in order to collect water from irrigation rivers. It is a stick balanced in the middle with one end connected to a rope attached to a bucket. An advantage to the shadouf catapult is it’s use as both an agricultural tool and a catapult. A disadvantage as a catapult includes an unbalanced counter­weight resulting in a misdirected launch. Inspired by the Shadouf is the Trebuchet catapult, which is one of the oldest types of catapults. The Trebuchet is built as a long beam with a sling on the long end and a counterweight which pulls directly down on the short end. The Trebuchet Catapult was “introduced in Europe around the 12th century,’’ though some say it was “invented by the Chinese in 300 B.C.E.” The glory of the Trebuchet is seen in its ability to hurl large rocks and boulders across great distances in order to cause maximum damage, as well as they were extremely accurate. A downside to the Trebuchet, like the Shadouf, is that, with a misjudgement of counterweight, the projectile may go in an unpredictable direction, which can be dangerous. Believed invented by the Greeks then later modified by the Romans, the ballista catapult is basically a giant crossbow. The ballista was created excelling in range and power. The Ballista, when released launched a deadly accurate

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