In modern usage after the 17th century, where aesthetic considerations are paramount, the fine arts are separated and distinguished from acquired skills in general, such as the decorative or applied arts. Art may be characterized in terms of mimesis, expression, communication of emotion, or other qualities. During the Romantic period, art came to be seen as "a special faculty of the human mind to be classified with religion and science". Though the definition of what constitutes art is disputed and has changed over time, general descriptions mention an idea of imaginative or technical skill stemming from human agency and creation. The nature of art, and related concepts such as creativity and interpretation, are explored in a branch of philosophy known as aesthetics.
There were three major changes that took place between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance era- “the evolving role of the artist from craftsman to independent artist; a more widespread incorporation of secular subjects into works of art, particularly mythological subjects; and the development of individual artistic styles and techniques”. Artists, writers, musicians and composers began creating work outside of the church. Artists signed their work and authors wrote autobiographies and memoirs, in other words, stories about themselves. The values and ideals popular during the European Renaissance can be described by the term secular humanism:
The Renaissance writers dealt with human characteristics and behaviour. The medieval Catholic culture was gradually replaced by humanism, and the move away from God with the emphasis on individualism and concentration on worldly things (Spurr, 1997: 82). The two main influences on Renaissance drama were Medieval drama, and Greek and Roman drama. The main characteristics of the Renaissance were: new intellectual discoveries; the scholar’s associated themselves with classical values, as articulated in the recently rediscovered classics of
Medieval Portraiture During the medieval period, many of the portraits were done theatrically, with an overemphasized sense of grandness. Renaissance Portraiture The renaissance period marked an important period in the history of portraiture. Two of the big influences on portraiture in this time include: The invention of oil painting and the move to more realistic portraiture. 19th Century Portraiture One big shift in the 19th century was the invention of the camera. This forced artists to differentiate themselves.
The Encyclopædia Britannica Online defines art as "the use of skill and imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, environments, or experiences that can be shared with others". By this definition of the word, artistic works have existed for almost as long as humankind: from early pre-historic art to contemporary art; however, some theories restrict the concept to modern Western societies.  The first and broadest sense of art is the one that has remained closest to the older Latin meaning, which roughly translates to "skill" or "craft." A few examples where this meaning proves very broad include artifact, artificial, artifice, medical arts, and military arts. However, there are many other colloquial uses of the word, all with some relation to its etymology.
The two art periods that I chose to write about are romanticism and renaissance. Even though both art periods originated in different time periods, they have some similarities and some differences. The Renaissance period originated in Florence Italy in the fourteenth century, the middle ages to the seventeenth century, where it spread to the rest of Europe. Whereas, the romanticism period began in Germany and England in the 1770’s, and by the 1820’s it swept through the rest of Europe, even to France all the way to the French Revolution. The renaissance and romanticism period differed on how they approached art.
This movement shows itself in the painting and sculpture of Michelangelo, the plays of Shakespeare, and in both the sacred and secular dance and vocal music of the greatest composers of the era. During this period, people in the world when their own lives and their music reflected the exciting discoveries. Beginning of this period;the renessiance mostly used for religious purposes but at the end of this period,the renessiance was more mundane purposes,has become an entertainment tool. I think that The Renaissance,is the most lyrics periods in the history of western and artists of all kinds in Western Europe became more aware of the classical past and the world beyond the narrow confines of medieval theology.In this
Some revived indigenous traditions, others turned for inspiration to European influences. Certain tensions inform the works of all contemporary Indian artists, particularly those who were pioneers in the field. There are three basic issues they have had to resolve: I) how to express their Indian ethos II) how to relate to international art idioms, and III) how to evolve an original `voice'. As KG Subramanyan points out, this has resulted in the last hundred years, in constantly fluctuating approaches by artists to their media. The Western Academic style introduced in colonial times into the curriculum of Indian art colleges - where it is still taught - was first challenged by artists of the Bengal School who made it their objective to promote an understanding of the language of traditional art forms.
For most societies culture is one individual behind who broadens or establishes the cultures status for example our president of the United States could be that individual. Art is also something can be defined by many in a different way, it’s all about perspective and ideas. I look and think of art of something created of beautiful or significant things. Visual Arts are experienced by sight such as; paintings, photography or sculptures. It’s whatever your eye may see that considers artful it a visual art (page xxiv) Music surrounds us, you hear music in malls, doctors offices, business offices, and even elevators.
* Title :- Content analysis of the changes in Madhubani Art. * Abstract :- Madhubani art which is the cultural identity of Bihar is changing from generation to generation. The art painted on wall, canvas and floor has now shifted to paper, clothes, and sun mica. The themes, used to revolve around Hindu deities and the life of Madhubani, is now deviated towards contemporary themes like social activism, feminism, environment pollution, global warming, globalization, national and international actions etc. The study will analyze the transition of Madhubani in different dimensions.