History of Argentina Essay

611 WordsApr 19, 20093 Pages
From the beginning of the 20th century, Argentina has undergone various struggles in order to reach a form of government that could justifiably represent the people of all classes and gender of its country. This was largely due to the increase of the immigrant population in Argentina and the lack of representation of the middle class in the political arena. It proved to be an ongoing conflict between the Conservative and Radical Party for over a century which also led to many other problems dealing with: economy inflation, social justice, and military intervention. In Chapter 13, “Argentina: The Failure of Democracy,” Benjamin Keen, and Keith Haynes examine these issues in great depth and detail, and shows moments of government failure and success and the impact it had on Argentina. There were various moments however, in Argentina’s history which exemplified the possibility that the two parties could coincide with one another. This was during the rule under Juan Domingo Peron, a military captain and colonel. This charismatic caudillo recognized that no government could stand strong without the support of its largest class group—the middle class. He made every effort to fix the ongoing problems Argentina had been experiencing since the start of the century beginning with: the recognition of women potential, ethnic minorities, the working class and the need to broaden the social base of the nationalist revolution. With the help of his beautiful wife Eva Duarte de Peron, known as “Evita,” Juan captured the hearts of many Argentineans and had great success as dictators. Together they cultivated a political constituency among the male workforce, women constituted 45 percent of the industrial workers in Buenos Aires, workers wages increased and so did the national income. This increased mass purchasing power and therefore promoted the process of industrialization.

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