During the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century , many Franch and British came to Canada for trade, colonization, resource and had a powerful influence on Canada, thus, it is believed that Canada is a product of two founding nations (Britain and France). Since 1604, with the arrival of French, life in New France had been influenced to some extent. Especially, the establishment of Royal Government in 1663 had a significant effect on life in New France. Then on Februry 10, 1763 after the Seven Years’ War(1756-1763), the Treaty of Paris, which means France would cede Canada with all its dependencies to the king of England, was signed. The French just owned islands of St.Pierre and Miquelon.
Name Andleeb Waizi Course Code Hist200 Student #1110348 Date Feb/25/2012 Bruce G. Trigger, “The French Presence in Huronia: The Structure of Franco-Huron Relations in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century.”Canadian Historical Review 49, no. 2 (June 1968): 107-141. Thesis: This article on “The French presence in Huronia.” Argues that the historical studies in the early seventeenth century expose the Huron as significant native people; they played a main role in the establishment of New France. Colonization, trade and missionaries adapted to key customers into French culture and applied the Huron’s political and economical network relationship. Main Points The Hurons were very important to the early French settlers.
Chapter 13 1.) The westward movement entangled the United States in the affairs of foreign powers when we came into contact of previously existing Natives and Spanish that lived on the land that we were expanding towards. That involved us in military affairs with other countries. On page 424, it explains that Spain held title to most of the trans-Mississippi west property and that for the last hundred years or so were expanding and settling, and tried only to fail to keep people from migrating to that area. It goes on to explain that Americans before the great migration of the 1840s migrated for the attraction of fur businesses.
The Indians’ New World By: James H. Merrell The Indians’ New World, by James Merrell, is an article that was meant to describe how the lives of the Native Americans were greatly impacted when European settlers invaded their land. This article shows how the natives were excluded from the New World because, unlike the settlers and slaves brought to the New World, they had already been there. The natives were experiencing most of what the new settlers and slavers were, they were forces to adapt to the changes in the New World because it was slowly becoming less familiar to them with all the changes the Europeans made. The Indians’ New World shows that, although the natives had already lived in America for quite some time, the world they were living in once the Europeans arrived was not just as new to them as it was to the settlers but it was also more harmful for their ways of life. One of the main ideas of this article was to open the read’s eyes to how many hardships the natives had to face starting with the rapid destruction of their population.
Unlike Europeans' belief, the Indians had a complex and dynamic history in America long before 1492. Since there are no accurate facts about their way of living and new discoveries are made daily, we can not make any exact assumptions and everything has to be treated provisional. Plus, many native people reject the scholars' explanation of native origins. Some people see the native's way of living as living in perfect harmony with each other and with nature, until the first Europeans set their foot on the American land. Europeans considered them as being “uncivilized”, but I believe they were always civilized.
Dan Richter, in Facing East from Indian Country, examines American history or rather Native American history from 1497 to roughly 1833. His audience is shown a coarse generality of the rise and fall of native culture due to the appearance of the Europeans. This Native culture peaked when both Native and European economies flourished with little conflict, and then plummeted with the rise of bitter conflict due simply to ignorance of the opposing cultures in the first place. The Natives go through phases in their relationships with Europeans; beginning with coexistence (“symbiosis”) as explorers peacefully traded with them (at least in North Eastern, North America). The truest form of this symbiosis lasted about 30 years between 1720 and 1750 when both sides were mutually codependent upon each other, then as the Natives began relying more heavily on the Europeans, the Europeans began taking advantage of Native ignorance.
• Divisions within and between local societies provided allies for European invaders. • European germs and diseases to which Native Americans had no immunities decimated society after society, sometimes in advance of the Europeans’ actual arrival. 2. What large-scale transformations did European empires generate? • European empire building caused the demographic collapse of Native American societies.
One of the ways Native Americans manipulated the environment was by burning trees which provided sufficient amount of sunlight in order to ensure the growth and blossoming of species such as birch, white pine, and various shrubs they needed. In the long run Native Americans lost their old traditions and were forced to adapt to the colonists` traditions and culture in order to survive. Indians in the south raised crops as part of their way of living, in the north weather conditions made soil difficult for agriculture; they were more dedicated to hunting and fishing. One of the big differences was that the northern Indians did not make the effort or go through the trouble of storing sufficient food for the winter months; often they would die of starvation. People in the south worked very hard during the summer months and tried to figure out how to store their food for the winter, there were skilled at raising crops.
Historical Period 2: 1607-1754 “In a Nutshell” Pageant: Chapters 2-3 AMSCO: Chapters 2-3 Assessment Weight = 45% Period 2: 1607-1754 Europeans and American Indians maneuvered and fought for dominance, control, and security in North America, and distinctive colonial and native societies emerged. Essential Questions: What factors led to the creation and development of distinct Spanish, French, and Dutch colonial regions in North America? How did relations between Spanish, French, and Dutch colonists and Native Americans evolve over time? What factors led to the creation and development of distinct colonial regions in British North America? How and why did slavery develop in British colonies?
In the early 16th century France had began colonizing North America, naming it New France. Samuel Chaplain has been considered the founder of New France, establishing settlements in Quebec. This settlement led to the exploitation of the indigenous people that inhabited the North American cotenant. It was the unexploited abundance of natural resources that attracted the Europeans. Fur trading posts were established to provide the bourgeois of Europe with fashionable fur pelts.