Brenden Bowerman! C Period US History! Reconstruction DBQ! !
! The beginning of the Civil War marked the emergence of momentous social and constitutional changes in the United States. During this time, the nation split into two halves, with the Southern states assembling a confederacy and seceding from the Union. Each side had opposing views on slavery and the treatment of African Americans. The Union viewed African Americans as their equals while the Confederacy still supported slavery. The aforementioned changes combined with a distress ﬁlled post-war economy created a national crisis. By the end of the war, President Abraham Lincoln wanted to bind up the wounds of the nation. As a result, the government created many acts and legislations including the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution and the Civil Rights Act of 1866. Unfortunately, white supremacist groups like the Ku Klux Klan sought to keep these laws from being enforced and limit the societal rights of African Americans. After Federal troops were removed from the south in 1877, African American rights continued to be oppressed. Collectively, these social and constitutional developments that occurred from 1860-1877 completely metamorphosed social order thereby creating a revolution.! ! Prior to the Civil War, African Americans that lived in the South harvested crops for
Southern plantation owners. Though meager, African Americans had shelter and food but no rights as they were considered the property of their masters. Abolitionists gained momentum as a result of the Fugitive Slave Act, the release of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and because of the Compromise of 1850 which allowed states upon entry in to the Union to decide by popular sovereignty whether or not to allow slavery. Shortly after the election of Abraham Lincoln, South Carolina and six other southern states seceded as they believed that the Republicans headed
by Lincoln wanted to regulate the states’s rights,...