With the arrival of the Industrial Revolution, society was wrenched into a new era; one where there was a desire for social respectability, and where the workhouses, which came largely under construction in the mid-19th Century after the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, loomed as a constant threat to the very poor. Social discipline became a key motive for hard work; despite a large majority of people living in appalling conditions, “(Manchester was described as) heaps of offal, refuse and sickening filth are everywhere and dispersed with pools of stagnant liquid. A horde of ragged women and children swarm about the streets and they are just as dirty as the pigs which wallow happily on the heaps of garbage or the pools of filth. On average 20 people live in each of these houses of two rooms, an attic and a cellar. One privy is shared by 120 people”, the workhouse was not only a threat in terms of the physicality of it, but it also represented a loss of earnings and poverty associated with poor social respectability.
Throughout America’s history, there are few dates that are as influential as May 25, 1911. On this day, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory caught fire and took the lives of 146 workers. Before the “Triangle Shirtwaist Fire,” the factory was a successful garment industry that thrived off of political corruption, and extremely horrible working conditions. Not only was the disaster responsible for the death of 146 workers, it helped shape many changes dealing with business and politics. During the early 1900’s, countless immigrants were settling in America.
The Triangle Fire In the late nineteenth century, many fields of American labor progressed from hand tool limitation to booming, breakneck productivity. Output in many industries, including the clothing industry, extended exponentially. Statistically, America was thriving. However, the gears pumping the American economic engine were human beings who were excessively overworked and underpaid. The focus of the typical business tycoon laid dead set on profit and production, and left scamp or no spot on the agenda for employee well being and safety.
Was the Regeneration of the London Docklands a Success? During the nineteenth century the port of London was the busiest in the world with one quarter of all world trade going through the docklands. The docks were surrounded by warehouses, import/export and shipping industries and high density housing for the workforce. In the 1980s in an effort to change the process of inner city decline in the UK, the government set up Urban Development Corporations also known as UDCs. The aim of these UDCs was to regenerate inner city areas that had large amounts of derelict and un-used land by taking over planning responsibility from local councils.
In 1877 the United States began to build a railroad that was going to go from coast to coast. A lot of human labor was needed in order to achieve this goal, many workers began to work for the government since the government was the one funding this project. Many workers at this period of time began to complain about their conditions of life and labor. Government paid them not a fair wage, and obligated them to work more than 10 hours per day. Too many workers were injured with the new machinery because a lot of them did not have the proper training to operate those type of equipments.
Indeed, this appeared to be effective as Russia's economy exceptionally grew by 14% per annum. Production of essential commodities such as iron and coal also drastically increased between 1928 to 1932, from 3.3 to 6.2 and 35.4 to 64.3 million tonnes, respectively. Also, the program of 'proletarian advancement' alone created around 150,000 jobs and as a result, the urban population trebled as peasants moved to the cities to work in Soviet industry. However, although production increased under the first Five-Year Plan, the Soviet economy in fact suffered terribly to meet the unrealistically set targets of production. As a result, great inefficiency and low labor productivity came about and the focus on scale meant that much of what was being produced was in fact unusable.
After becoming Chancellor in 1923, Stresemann was hugely influential in the period 1923-29. Before his appointment as Chancellor (which lasted six months), the Weimar Republic had serious problems such as hyperinflation, the low quality of life, several uprisings such as The Spartacist Uprising and the Kapp Putsch and the fact that the country at the time could not afford to pay reparations. As a result of this, France and Belgium had decided to invade and occupy the Ruhr, Germany’s most industrial region. This impacted the German economy massively, adding to the huge list of problems Gustav Stresemann was to sort out between 1923 and 1929. However, it was Hans Luther and Hjalmer Schact who dealt with the hyperinflation crisis of 1923 and not Gustav Stresemann.
The government can be seen to be doing this through the vast amount of Council house’s that were built. This new approach was revolutionary compared to the previous Conservative government with Classical Economics where if Unemployment was low the government would not intervene; for the first time action was being down to prevent Unemployment. There were problems however, inflation had started to rise and by nationalising the Coal industry, mining became inefficient as there were now too many people working after the government overmanning of the mines.
The monstrous exploitation of the working masses ensures particularly high incomes from the capital invested in the colonies and dependent countries. In addition, the metropolitan countries import from these countries hundreds of thousands of workers who perform particularly hard work for poor payment. Thus, the monopolies in the United States, especially in the south, subject to inhuman exploitation of workers from Mexico and Puerto Rico, the monopoly of France - Indo-Chinese workers, etc. Even in this conditions people had to work, because colonies had no alternatives to gain capital (Lenin 2008). To transport these materials, a lot of railroads and steamships were built.
They traveled to the West and he settled on 160 acres in Howard County, Nebraska as a homestead farmer. This venture failed miserably and after holding several jobs in Chicago as a stenographer, he was forced to return to England. It was in England that the first idea of his idea for new city planning came to him. He surmised that all parties, no matter what social class or area were to be affected by the onslaught of continuous migration from the countries to the cities. Howard felt that the background to the problem was the growth of the Victorian industrial cities.