Mental health professionals practice active listening and encourage the client to express their feelings. Mental health counselors develop and implement treatment plans based on the client’s physical or mental condition. Client information is collected through interviews, observations or tests which guide counselors in the development of therapeutic information strategies that will help clients deal with their problems by targeting at-risk behaviors which promotes optimum mental and emotional well-being of the client (Erford, 2010). Over the past decade organizations have come to the realization that mental health professionals need to become competent in cross cultural interactions. Competent multicultural mental health professionals play a key role in success of mental health counseling interventions (Connerley & Pederson, 2005).
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy How does MCT expand the practices and roles of counselors as therapists, as compared to traditional practices and roles? Sue & Sue (2013) define multicultural counseling stating that the counselor plays the helping role and expands the role to teaching, consulting and advocacy that can supplement the tradtional counseling role. The traditional definition of counseling does not indicate an expanded role that Multicultural therapy requires. The definition set by Sue & Sue (2013) often contrasts with the traditional views of counseling and therapy. In the mini-lecture by Dr. Sue he states, “MCT can be defined as both a helping role and process that uses modalities and defines goals, consistent with the life experiences and cultural values of clients.” He also states that MCT involves broadening the role that counselors plays and therefore need to play multiple roles that involve not only the traditional role but systems intervention as well.
Reflection as a learning tool allows me to identify the positive and negative aspects of my practice and to draw upon previous experiences and apply them to new situations “Reflective practice has, however, the potential to help practitioners in all fields unlock the tacit knowledge and understanding that they have of their practice and use this to generate knowledge for future practice”. (Schutz, 2007 pg.26) The clinical competency I have chosen in this report is Phlebotomy. As part of my role as a health care support worker within a District Nursing team Phlebotomy is one of my primary duties. The clinical skill I have chosen to reflect upon within this account is venepuncture. Confidentiality has been maintained throughout within this assignment and all names and locations are changed in accordance with the Nursing and Midwifery Council code of conduct (2008, Section: Confidentiality) and for this purpose I have chosen to name the patient as Mrs Jones.
Historically it seems to have taken one step forward and then two back. In the mid 1800s doctors such as Esdaile were performing surgery, apparently with little pain, under hypnosis - even the British Medical Association investigative Commission produced a favourable report on it; but then the introduction of ether and then chloroform for general anasthesia consigned hypnosis largely to the fields of entertainment and quackery. During the 20 century a surging interest in different and alternative therapies has developed. “Talking” therapies such as psychotherapy and latterly cognitive behavioural therapy have all gained recognition as respected and mainstream treatments. Acupuncture can be accessed in certain areas, on the NHS.
According to the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario Best Practice Guidelines (RNAO BPG), the client is viewed as a whole person; therefore, client-centered care involves advocacy, empowerment and respect for the client’s autonomy, voice, self- determination and participation in decision-making. The institute of Medicine defined client centered care as “care that is responsive to individual client needs and values and it guides the treatment of decisions”. There might be various definitions of client centered care however, whichever way you look at it; they all encompass two important characteristics, which is patient involvement and individualization of care. So how does this concept of client centered care relate to professional caring, there are two well-known nursing theories about caring and nursing they are Madeleine Leininger’s theory of cultural care and Jean Watson’s theory of human care. These two theorists might not have known at the time that they were theorizing about client-centered care but they were.
Counseling is grounded in Developmental Theory and the counseling profession had its etiologic underpinnings in prevention and wellness. The counselor collects data to assess the client’s mental, emotional and/or behavioral problems or behavioral disorders to help clients adapt effectively with the concerns presented. Mental Health Counselors are concerned about the client’s environment with a more global view than other professionals, as well as a concern that goes beyond treating dysfunction or pathology and dealing with the clients’ self-awareness, personal growth, and wellness. Mental Health Counselors increasingly utilize a psycho-educational model for counseling clients, in conjunction with the more traditional medical/illness model for assessment and diagnosis. One day, I intend on advocating, planning, and teaching group therapy sessions that are based on post traumatic stress.
In the field of psychology ethical dilemmas have been on the rise for mental health professionals when it comes to HIV-positive clients that have not disclosed their HIV status to their sex partner, and the duty to warn principle. When hearing the duty to warn most people think of the duty to protect principle. These two principles are completely different when it comes to psychologist. The duty to warn principle refers to the responsibility of a counselor to inform authorities or third parties if a client is a harmful threat to an identifiable individual. According to Pabian, Y. L., Welfel, E. R., & Beebe, R. (2007) this case law requires the psychologist to make a good faith effort to contact the identified person who the client intends to harm or notify law enforcement.
Personal Philosophy of Counseling Nathan D. Smith East Central University HURES 5613 Counseling Theories, Summer 2013 Steven Roring, Ph.D. July 26, 2013 I recognize that my personal philosophy of counseling is in a state of change as I continue to mentally integrate what I perceive to be the best attributes of the counseling theories that have been presented during this course. Prior to taking this course, I identified myself as a counselor who primarily utilized Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT). Currently, I would describe myself as moving toward the integrative perspective. I do not pretend to assume that I have developed a true integrative perspective yet as I do not possess the required knowledge and competencies that would allow me to use this approach. However, I see myself moving in the direction of the assimilative integration approach in particular.
2) Discipleship Counseling Through the use of personal and professional experiences, Dr. Neil T. Anderson (2003) lays the foundation for future counselors to use as a guide to reach mentally ill individuals in his book Discipleship Counseling (Anderson, 2003). This instructional piece gives current and future counselors the instruction and information needed to reach out and counsel the spiritually oppressed. Anderson (2003) breaks this piece of literature down into three main focuses: defining and understanding mental health; counseling the spiritually oppressed; overcoming false guidance, deception, bitterness and rebellion—and helping others experience freedom in Christ. Discipleship Counseling also gives the reader a better understanding of how discipleship counseling works and shows them the basis of
The Role of Supervision Tina Jones Capella University 17535 Madison Avenue Apt. 214 Lakewood, OH 44107 Telephone: 216-712-7013 Instructor: Thomas Kramer, Ph. D. The Role of Supervision The role of supervision is different in every profession like mental health counseling as well as in the simplest aspects of life. In the profession of counseling, there is one aspect of supervision that is the most widely accepted and it is that supervision is a role that is given by a counselor that has the experience in the field of clinical mental health counseling that can be utilized with an individual that is just starting in the field. The relationship is evaluated over time and shows the many areas that are enhanced in regard to the supervisee.