History and Development of Corrections

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History and Development of Corrections Stephanie Summers CJA 492 September 2, 2013 Carl Miedich History and Development of Corrections Dating back to around 200 years ago, the prison system has evolved and transformed through many avenues. This paper will address the progress the system has made beginning with early correctional facilities, the vision, purpose, supporters, environment, and punishments in the penitentiary ideal. It will also describe how the penitentiary ideal influences the two models of American prisons; The Eastern State Penitentiary and the Auburn. Lastly, it will give account to how World War II affected the correctional system. Early Correctional Institutions Dating back to the medieval times into the modern era, the typical correctional facilities was the gaol. These were small town institutions mainly used for detention and holding criminals until court (Foster, 2006). Gaols ranged in size, from small rooms to the size of a castle. Inmates were mixed together; men with women, sane with the insane, young boys with young girls in filth, disease, and malnourishment (Foster, 2006). Gaols operated on a fee system, which charges the prisoners a daily fee; this was how the sheriffs who operated the system made their money. Penitentiary Ideal The word penitentiary was used for more than twenty years, however there were no penitentiaries as we see them in today’s corrections system built. Rather than a building, the penitentiary was an idea and a set of regulations (Foster, 2006). When individuals would look at the building that held criminals, they would see jails, workhouses, and old run down prisons, none of which fit the ideals of the penitentiary. The ideal of the penitentiary was to create an environment of human punishment rather than physical punishments (Foster, 2006). They were supposed to be more clean and healthy in comparison
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