History A2 Essay

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From Kaiser to Fuhrer: Germany, 1900-1945 REVISION GUIDE 1 Contents: Unit 1: The Second Reich Unit 2: To what extent was Germany responsible for the outbreak of WWI? Unit 3: The Weimar Republic Unit 4: The rise of the Nazis Unit 5: How popular and efficient was the Nazi regime in the years 1933-1939? Unit 6: Life in wartime Germany How to answer the exam questions How your essays will be marked Exemplar Essays Page: 3 10 14 24 29 34 40 42 44 2 Unit 1: The Second Reich: 1900-1919 Entrenched autocracy, elite dominance or a growing democracy? Autocracy  The Kaiser dissolved the Reichstag in 1906 when the SPD and Centre Party members joined forces to vote against the government’s budget, in protest against the colonial policies. A new election was called, known as the Hottentot election. Bulow was forced to resign after the Daily Telegraph Affair. In 1908 conversations that the Kaiser had with a British colonel were published in the Daily Telegraph. The Kaiser made various unguarded comments, such as the British were ‘mad, mad a March hares!’ for thinking that Germany posed a threat to peace. The Kaiser was perceived to have exceeded his authority in talking to the foreign press in this way and led to criticism of him in the Reichstag. Bulow was pressurised to resign because he had been too supportive of the Reichstag The Chancellor and ministers were appointed by the Kaiser and not accountable to the Reichstag. Hollweg was appointed because of his weaknesses in the area of foreign policy. Hollweg lost a vote of no-confidence in the Reichstag but remained as Chancellor. This followed the Zabern Affair where in Zabern, in Alsace, a German soldier made a derogatory comment about the Alsatian locals. Tensions escalated between the army and local inhabitants and matters came to a head when the soldier was acquitted by a military court of injuring a man
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