Zinn also uses an excerpt from historian Charles Beard to explain his reasoning. Beard basically said that the rich controls the government or the laws the government operates by. Zinn points out that the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights shows that quality of interest hides behind innocence. Meaning that Congress completely ignores the freedom of speech. Professor of history Gordon S. Wood views the struggle for a new constitution in 1787-1788 as a social conflict between upper-class Federalists who desired a stronger central government and the “humbler” Anti-Federalists who controlled the state assemblies.
Although Zinn argues that the conflicts caused by the differentiating social classes in order to dissolve the class divisions was the main cause of the American Revolution, the “other side of the story” is told by Schweikart and Allen, as they reason that it was actually the British who unknowingly burdened the colonies with oppression, which brought about the revolution itself. In Zinn’s fourth chapter of A People’s History of the United States, Tyranny is Tranny; he focuses more on the class differences in society that triggers the opposition against England, rather than the effects of British oppression. He states that the “American leadership was less in need of English rule, and the English more in need of the colonists’ wealth” (Zinn 60). With this said, the colonists then focused more on the pursuit of exploitation and profit, which would definitely spark rebellions of the poor against the rich especially because the poor had been overwhelmed by British taxes and the fact that only a small percentage of the wealthy controlled a huge majority of the city’s taxable assets. For this reason, the poor developed a hatred for the upper class that would
The Sedition Act prohibited anyone from insulting the federal government verbally or in writing. This act violated two components of the Bill of Rights: freedom of speech, and freedom of the press. This act ironically simulated what would most likely happen in a monarchial society. The federalists were often accused of being “Monocrats” and wanting a monarchial society. (Document F) One Republican, James Madison, perceived the beginnings of a monarchy as he wrote, “The abolition of Royalty was it seems not one of his Revolutionary principles.” (Document N) These views are exemplified in the picture depicting the XYZ Affair.
Might work…. but not legal ➢ Does this make the path to resistance inevitable? ▪ What makes the difference? Educate • 145- what is significant from 1765-1770 □ how far along the road are they from resistance to revolution? □ Townshed acts will require more intrusiveness from extralegal institutions than Stamp act ➢ Non-importation ▪ Promotes intrusiveness of extralegal institutions in this community • 155-how do you convince people that British movements are not mistakes but a pattern of
How does Paine justify the pursuit of American Independence? • Thomas Paine, Common Sense (1776) Thomas Paine cites April 1775, the massacre at Lexington, as the singular moment in American history when he no longer saw reconcilement as a conceivable option. In quoting Milton, Paine agrees that ‘never can true reconcilement grow where wounds of hate have pierced so deep.’ Primarily, Paine concludes that it would be cowardly beyond compare to reconcile with a country that brought ‘fire and sword’ to America. However, in addition to this moral objection, Paine argues that there is not ‘a single advantage’ of being connected with Great Britain. Largely Paine sees America’s separation from Britain as a natural progression and something that is inevitable.
It urged American colonies to not only protest English Taxes but to declare Independence 4.) Elected to the Continental Congress in 1777 as Secreatry of the Committee of Foreign Affairs and was pressured to resign after publishing an article that contained confidential info about treaty negotiations with France 5.) Wrote Rights of Man which upheld the rights and dignity of common people 6.) Has claim to the title “Father of the American Revolution” because of Common Sense 7.) Famous quote: These are the times that try men’s souls 8.)
Paine also calls hereditary succession an abdominal practice. He criticizes the people who were in favor of British Empire saying that Britain watched America only for economic well-being. He also says that British don’t deserve American loyalty because they have been attacking American colonies. According to him, the solution to this problem is independence from the British and for that he also proposed the form of Government which had equal opportunities for all. Paine directly appealed to colonies to separate from the British Empire.
However, despite Wilson's efforts, Congress rejected multilateralism because Great Britain, one of the US's strongest allies, disapproved. To protect its colonial interests, Britain created the Sterling Bloc – or the Commonwealth – which reduced tariffs on British colonies 2 1 Freeland, Richard M., The Truman Doctrine and the Origins of McCarthyism, New York: Alfred A. Knopf Inc., 1970, Print. 2 Ibid., p. 15-17. 3