History Essay

398 Words2 Pages
1. The European nations were content to leave the Middle East as is and let their Hashemite allies rule. They were fine to ignore the rest of the peninsula as they felt the land was a wasteland that lacked the most basic natural resources. The United States were uninterested in Arabia just as the Europeans. In 1923 when Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud conquered the holy city and declared himself king over a new country “Saudi Arabia”, the United States would not recognized him as ambassador. 2. Ibn Saud regarded the American missionaries as helpful and honorable even though they differed in religion. He was grateful to them and he eventually turned to the nation whose citizens helped his people’s welfare. 3. The mass productions of automobiles and electrification of households had increased the demand for petroleum which led the U.S. to look outside the United States for oil. Americans fixed their hopes on finding oil in the Middle East, but they faced technical difficulties of locating the oil in the remote and inaccessible region. They also faced the issues with the Anglo-French combination wanting to keep the Americans out of new oil fields in the Near East. 4. The agreement between ibn Saud and America to explore for petroleum in the eastern part of the Kingdom represented a turning point in the American relations with Arabia and the entire Middle East. This gave them the rights to survey Arabia’s southern and northern borders for sixty years and only meant more oil and profits for the Americans. 5. The contracts infused fresh vitality into the American industry that had been wearied by massive unemployment at economic depression. 6. The outbreak of World War II jeopardized the investment in 1939. The Saudi government was reported to be “appreciative” of “German ruthlessness” and sympathetic to the Axis. The Nazi’s were offering Saud competitive

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