History Essay

5051 WordsJun 3, 201421 Pages
.By donating, you are agreeing to our donor privacy policy and to sharing your information with the Wikimedia Foundation and its service providers in the U.S. and elsewhere. Please Donate | x | Great Sioux War of 1876 Great Sioux War of 1876 | Part of the Sioux Wars, American Indian Wars | Custer's last stand at Little Bighorn. | | | The Great Sioux War of 1876, also known as the Black Hills War, was a series of battles and negotiations which occurred between 1876 and 1877 involving the Lakota Sioux and Northern Cheyenne, against the United States. As gold was discovered in the Black Hills, settlers began to encroach onto Indian lands, while pressure was mounted by the federal government for the Indians to remain on the Sioux reservation. Traditionally, the United States military and historians place the Lakota at the center of the story, especially given their numbers, but some American Indians believe the Cheyenne were the primary target of the US campaign. An alternative interpretation suggests that the Indians would have called it "The Great Cheyenne War".[1] Among the many battles and skirmishes of the war was the Battle of the Little Bighorn, often known as Custer's Last Stand, the most storied of the many encounters between the U.S. army and mounted Plains Indians. That Indian victory notwithstanding, the U.S. with its superior resources was soon able to force the Indians to surrender, primarily by attacking and destroying their encampments and property. The Great Sioux War took place under the Presidencies of Ulysses S. Grant and Rutherford B. Hayes. Contents [hide] * 1 Background * 2 Combatants * 3 Launching the war * 4 Reynolds' campaign * 5 Summer expeditions * 5.1 Battle of the Rosebud * 5.2 Battle of the Little Bighorn * 5.3 Battle of Slim Buttes * 6 Crackdown at the agencies * 7

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