History Essay

778 WordsMar 30, 20144 Pages
38 International Human Rights References to Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (regarding LGBT populations and HIV/AIDS and STIs) 4 The Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing, 1995 The United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women was held in Beijing, China in 1995. This was the largest meeting of the Global Women’s Movement, where 40,000 women traveled from all over the world to participate in this historic gathering. The presence of so many women activists was not only a testament to the growing political power of women but it also lent credibility to the event itself and helped ensure that the key outcome from the Conference, the Platform for Action, although negotiated among UN member States, reflected women’s global concerns. The Beijing conference confirmed the important principle of free choice and the definition of health, given on the occasion of the Cairo Conference (see Core Document 3). The Beijing Declaration recognized the right of all women to control all aspects of their health, in particular their own fertility (paragraph 17) which is one of the bases for their empowerment. It also affirmed the principle that equal access between men and women to reproductive and sexual health should be assured. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/declar.htm This is the Declaration made at the Beijing Conference, 1995. Paragraph 30 also makes direct reference to sexual and reproductive health. Although four references were made in the Draft Declaration to the term ‘sexual orientation’, they resulted in huge debate at the Conference, and were eventually deleted. The PFA, (par.89) defines health as: A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/ Full PFA text to be found here in separate files Reproductive health implies

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