History Essay

426 Words2 Pages
1.) According to historian Gwendolyn Wright in Source 1, why were many Americans receptive to the bungalow style the turn of the century? At the turn of the century, American families became interested in a new style of home: the bungalow. This new housing would be smaller than the previously popular living arrangements. "In general, they were one-story or story-and-a-half dwellings of between 600 and 800 square feet."[1] The homes were also more uniform with each other, which created a more homogeneous look in neighborhoods. Bedrooms were very small, and the kitchen was usually only big enough for one person to work. New innovations in kitchen design would make more people, especially women, receptive to the bungalow style house. In this time period, women were the primary workers/cooks in the kitchen. Not only were they most often women, but they would also be domestic servants. These domestic servants were usually black married women rather than live-in workers. The new building designs would allow more and more housewives to cook and create meals in their own kitchens. This was primarily due to the builders' concept of "the smaller, better-equipped kitchen, planned for the domestic 'scientist' who had no need of a servant."[2] Women were more able to experiment in the kitchen, and new appliances allowed for quicker preparation. These new appliances also gave housewives more time, which in turn made it easier for them to get out in the working world. Some typical jobs that women had in this era were things like receptionists, clerical workers, and typewriters.[3] At this point, it is clear that women are becoming more active in mainstream society, which worried many conservatives. The conservatives would probably not support the new bungalow style house for that reason. On the other extreme were women who lobbied for kitchenless houses and public childcare
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