History Essay

6469 WordsMar 9, 201226 Pages
MODULE - 1 Ancient India Notes 6 POST MAURYAN DEVELOPMENTS In the last chapter you read about the Mauryan Empire which was spread over a large part of the Indian sub-continent and also included Kandahar in modern Afghanistan. In around 187 BC, the Mauryan Empire met its end. In the present section we shall study about the political and cultural developments in the Indian subcontinent from the end of the Mauryas to the rise of the Guptas, i.e., from BC 200 and 300 AD. In these five hundred years we see not only the rise of multiple political powers in different parts of the subcontinent but also the introduction of new features in art, architecture and religion. OBJECTIVES After studying this lesson, you will be able to learn about the different political regions which came into focus after the decline of the Mauryan Empire the groups of foreigners who came from Central Asia and got settled here; the growth of trade between the Roman world and India and its impact. important features of various schools of art and sculptures which emerged during 200 BC–300 AD and the early history of south India and the significance of the Sangam literature. 6.1 POLITICAL HISTORY OF NORTH INDIA The disintegration of the Mauryan empire led to the rise of many regional kingdoms in different parts of the country. At the same time, we witness invasions by various groups of people based in Central Asia and western China. These were Indo-Greeks, the Scythians or the Shakas, the Parthians or the Pahlavas and the Kushanas. It was through such political processes that India came in closer contact with the central Asian politics and culture. (i) The Shungas The last Mauryan king was killed by his Commander-in-Chief, Pushyamitra Shunga, who then established his own dynasty in north India. It came to be known as Shunga dynasty. While the Shungas were ruling in north India,

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