Historical Review of Psych

2648 WordsMar 25, 201311 Pages
Historical Review Paper Anonymous December 6th 2011 The Effects of World War II on Modern Psychology Psychology today is an enormous field of study. With many humans experiencing debilitating psychological illnesses, the field of psychology has flourished over the years. The exploration for aberrant behaviour is not as modern as one would think, but has existed since prehistoric times. The Performance of surgical gauges in the living skull using instruments occurred in the Stone Age (Gerald, Kirk, Gordon & John, 2008). These procedures were likely performed to treat psychological disorders in humans. In the past ancient Greeks believed that gods were punishing these individuals producing mental disturbances. In the fifth century B.C., Hippocrates was the first to define psychological disorders as illnesses, and argued they were not formed by the gods. He also was the first to classify mental disorders into distinct categories such as mania, melancholia, and phrenitis (Gerald et al., 2008). Even though his theories did not last, he still created the stepping stones for many other psychologists. Moving towards the Middle Ages, new theories arose about the mentally ill. People in the middle ages were becoming focused on theories that people could perform witch craft and become possessed by the devil. As a result the majority of the mentally ill were to blame. Those with psychotic symptoms would sometimes confess to having relations with the devil which were likely delusions or hallucinations (Gerald et al., 2008). Those accused of witchcraft were tortured, imprisoned and/or sentenced to death. In accumulation of these shocking theories, Benjamin Rush believed people suffered from mental disorders because of excess blood in their brain. He performed treatments to draw quantities of blood from the brain to cure patients. He also believed that frightening

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