Historical Development of Nursing Timeline

965 Words4 Pages
Historical Development of Nursing Timeline
Nursing theory has played an integral part in the development of nursing science and ultimately the practice of nursing as a profession. Nursing as a profession is still young in many aspects in its development and refinement, continuing to evolve with the addition of current research and the ever-changing field of health care. Study of the history of nursing theory is essential to help guide current day research, theory, and nursing practice. This paper will address the historical development of nursing science, its relationship to the profession, and the influences felt on nursing science by other disciplines.
Historical Development
Florence Nightingale is best known as the major founder of modern nursing, stemming from her contributions to nursing theory and science during the Crimean War in the 1850’s. She is seen as a major architect of the modern health care system, and as a hospital reformer. Her training of properly trained nurses, focusing on health promotion and disease prevention, was fundamental in shaping the National Health Service public health system in England (McDonald, 2006).
In the 1950’s, Dorothea Orem identified nurses’ inability to articulate what nursing actually was, and concluded that the care patients were receiving was not truly meeting patient needs. Her grand theory began to develop, eventually labeled the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, and was adopted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association. The practical knowledge of self-care is the foundation for both dependent care and nursing care aiding nurses today in their practice. Of note, many subsequent clinical studies have demonstrated the implementation of Orem’s theory has had a positive effect on patients and nurses alike (Romeo & Devereaux, 2006).
Today’s nursing theories continue to be revised and are still evolving.

More about Historical Development of Nursing Timeline

Open Document