Historical Development of Nursing Timeline

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Historical Development of Nursing Timeline Studying the historical development of nursing helps the nurse to recognize the numerous forces and issues that confront the nursing profession. In addition, understanding the history of nursing allows the nurse to gain appreciation for the role of the nurse and evolution of the nursing profession. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the historical development of nursing.
Nursing Science and the Evolving Profession The development and evolution of nursing as a profession is intricately linked to historical influences and events of the past. Edwards (1999) states “If nursing is a science then perhaps it will prove fruitful to apply the historical turn to it in order to determine how nurses might best meet the ends of nursing” (p. 567). Nursing has developed significantly as a profession throughout the years. Nursing science provides the basis for nursing practice. Throughout history, several nurses made noteworthy changes in nursing practice. The following nurse leaders and events influenced the nursing profession, shaping the delivery of healthcare into what it is today.
Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) Florence Nightingale was born in 1820 and began training as a nurse in 1850. In 1853, Nightingale served as a nurse during the Crimean War (1853-1856) where she quickly recognized that unsanitary conditions posed a health hazard (Egenes, 2009). From her efforts with cleanliness and basic care, the wounded soldier death rate from infections on the battlefield decreased significantly. Florence Nightingale laid the foundation for nursing practice. She was a dedicated, passionate pioneer of nursing practice and the first nursing theorist. Nightingale went on to formalize nursing education. She established the first scientifically based nursing school, the Nightingale School of Nursing, in 1860 (Egenes, 2009).
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