His 2410 Essay

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HIS 2410 NOTES TERM ONE TOPIC ONE - MODES OF PRODUCTION AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FORMATIONS The Marxist Interpretation Karl Marx believed that man developed over the years through Modes of Production and socioeconomic formations. Mode of Production: definition It is defined as an economic system characterized by specific ways of producing and expropriating (sharing) goods and services. These methods employed in producing the necessities of life like food are not static but are constantly developing and changing. Socio-economic formation: definition It is defined as a complex unity or relationship that exists between economic, ideological and in some cases political structures. Marxists believed that the societies in which we live today evolved over the centuries under different social formations and accompanying Modes of Production. According to Marxists, there were five stages in man’s development. These were: the primitive-Communal, the Slave, the feudal, the Capitalist and the Socialist/Communal stages. Karl Marx argued that there was a logical historical progression through these modes. The Primitive-Communal Stage This was the first stage in man’s development. In this stage, man began to live in communities or societies. Economically, man depended on hunting and gathering. There was a collective right to basic resources. Therefore, the proceeds from hunting and gathering were shared equally among members of that society. Hence, co-operation was very cardinal. In these societies, the sole division of labour was by sex. Society was not divided into classes of exploiters and exploited. The means of production were not owned individually. Lands were held in common. Individualism only became prevalent when man began to utilize implements like bows and arrows, spears, axes etc. With the utilization of these special implements came the subordination of less developed groups

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