His 125 Mod 6 Essay

1593 Words7 Pages
PART I 1 The environment shaped the history of human settlements in the Americas. Later history shaped the way the lands and peoples of these areas have been described. Early peoples crossed into the Western Hemisphere from Asia, although exactly when this happened is angrily argued. All the really different environments, from polar tundra to tropical rain forests, came to support human settlement. About 8000 b. c. e., people in some parts of the Americas began raising crops as well as gathering wild produce. Maize became the most important crop, with knowledge about its cultivation spreading from Mesoamerica into North and South America. South America’s Amazon River, at four thousand miles the second longest river in the world, is bordered by tropical lowland rain forests with dense growth and annual rainfall in excess of eighty inches. Not surprisingly, the varied environments of the Americas contributed to the great assortment of peoples, cultures, and linguistic groups. While all these environments have supported large human settlement at various times, it is easier to learn about those people who lived in drier areas, such as the high mountains of the Andes or the deserts of southwestern North America, because artifacts survive longer there. The low lands would be good for rice and cranberries growth due to all the rain and moisture that’s available. 2 The Aztecs, also known as the Mexica, were an indigenous people of the Valley of Mexico, known today as the rulers of the Aztec empire. It built a blended culture based heavily on the heritage of earlier Mesoamerican societies. It’s distinguished by achievements in engineering, sculpture, and architecture, including the streets, canals, public squares, and aqueduct of Tenochtitlán, the most spectacular and one of the largest cities in the world in 1500. In

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