His 121 Essay

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Milinda C. HIS 121 December 10, 2009 What problems in the church contributed to the Protestant Reformation? Why was the church unable to suppress dissent as it had earlier? * The Protestant Reformation brought significant change in Europe. Effects in religious, social, and political aspects of life occurred, as well as an impact on education and language development. Language development was enabled in local dialect because of religious services were held in local languages and the translation of works and printing of books. This movement against the Reformation pushed Roman Catholicism and attempted to regain the powers lost by the Church. In following years governments and countries were shaped by religion. At the time there was a difference in power. Roman Catholicism stands with the Pope as central and appointed by God. There is also the removal of the power of buying one’s pardon, and with it their salvation, from the Church. The focus shifts from buying pardons to spending that time and money for works of mercy and love. Overall this presents an argument that removes the certainty from the Pope and as a political entity, and in turn the Church loses monetary funds and power in general. The Church, while losing power over the masses of people, also lost political power. Previously taxes were collected from the people (from peasants to landowners) and paid to the kings, who in turn paid the Pope. In return they received monetary assistance when needed, as well as the international prestige of the Church. Kings could still collect taxes from their subjects, but it was not required that the Church be paid as well. But options later arose when the money could be used at the discretion of the king. This was related with countries becoming wealthy enough to defend themselves against the Pope’s army, insuring their independence. Countries
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