Ankle sprains are the most common injury to the lower foot. 80%-85% of ankle injuries are Lateral ankle sprains. (4. Ibrahim) This is because the foot can turn inwards about 45-60 degrees and so it has more laxity to be pushed further inwards. Regular ankle strengthening exercises are recommended to reduce the rick of getting an ankle sprain or reinjuring an ankle.
The cartilage under your kneecap (patella) acts as a natural shock absorber. This shock absorber does not come with a lifetime guarantee. The cartilage can normally glide across the knee during the bending of the joint. However, overuse, injury, or other factors may lead to Chondromalacia which is due to changes of the deepest layers of cartilage that causes blistering on the surface (4) (Figure 2.1 & 2.2). Chondromalacia is often seen in young adults and teenagers.
A sprain is an injury that involves the tearing or stretching of a ligament or a joint capsule. Sprains happen when a joint is forced past its regular range of motion. I believe Jill sprained her ankle because there was severe ankle pain, swelling, bruising and Jill could not walk after the second incident. A strain is an injury that involves the tearing or stretching of a muscle and or tendon structure. An acute strain of the muscle or tendon structure happens at the connection where the muscle is becoming a tendon.
Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis is a crippling condition that often prevents people from working within five to ten years of diagnosis. Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that is characterized by a gradual loss of cartilage in the joints. Cartilage is tough tissue that provides cushioning between the bones that make up the joints. Loss of this protective cushion often results in bone spurs and cysts and allows bones to rub on each other, which is extremely painful. The affected joints are usually “load-bearing” joints located in the knees, hands, hips, feet, and spine, although the condition often starts in a single joint.
Explain the muscle anatomy or the hip and what function each muscle group performs. Discuss in detail how a femur fracture may be life threatening to an athlete. 31. Explain what myositis ossificans is and how it may develop. Myositis ossificans means that bone forms within muscle due to a blunt injury that causes deep tissue bleeding in an athlete.
HSC 2028 Outcome 1 1. If you do not move and position individuals correctly you can harm the individual unintentionally. For example when you are moving an individual you need to know how the muscles work. Muscles act as levers in the body which allows the bones at a joint ie hip to work like a hinge. The muscles pull and move the bones of particular joints which then make the joints move and in turn the body then moves.
1. Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals 1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals: Muscles: - It is important to move an individual’s limbs safely, avoiding pushing or pulling roughly, as this may cause tendons and muscles to contract too strongly, overstretching or tearing them and causing strains. Joints: - Sprains may also occur in the ligaments, when a joint is forced either out of its normal movement range. There are three different types of joint: - Fixed joints, which have no movement (e.g. in the skull) - Cartilaginous joints, which have small amounts of movement (e.g.
In the bicep curl which produces flexion at the elbow, the biceps muscle is the agonist, as seen in the image below. Fixator: is a muscle that stabilizes or fixes a part of the body to which a muscle in the process of moving another part is attached. Function Detail Provide movement The action of muscles allows you to change position and move around. Maintain posture Believe it or not, standing upright is a very difficult thing for the body to do due to the fact that gravity is pulling you down the only reason you stay standing is because of the actions of the muscles. Produce heat The
The Muscle Anatomy (http://anatomy.askthetrainer.com/) The Skeleton system (http://www.faqs.org/health/Body-by-Design-V2/The-Skeletal-System-Design-parts-of-the-skeletal-system.html) Nerve fibres run all the way through the body and send impulses to muscles, which enable the muscles to contract and relax. Nerve fibres are delicate structures and can easily become damaged through poor moving and handling techniques. The Nerve System (http://oldtownhypnotherapy.com/?page_id=75) 1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual. There are many different specific conditions that have an impact on moving and positioning here are some of those… Arthritis - People suffering with arthritis will often have
The only part of the knee that being replaced is the surface of the bone. The doctor will begin by removing poor cartilage that is not salvageable. Next portions of the kneecap are removed, and the remaining bone is resurfaced. Metal implants are put in place and plastic buttons are inserted. Finally, a plastic spacer will be placed in between the mental components of the implant; this helps the replacement function smoothly (AAOS, 1995).