Hindu Law Development in British Period Essay

4121 WordsJan 17, 201317 Pages
History and Development Of Hindu Law in British Period Abstract The British came to this sub-continent to rule and make profit. Besides, they are tried to reform the sub-continent law and try to codify the non codified things. Furthermore, they tried to remove the darkness and superstition of social and religious belief. Mostly, they change some unclear and dark area of religious law like: Hindu and Muslim Law. This article only discuss about history and those codification and changes of Hindu law which took place in British period. Also, discuss about the people reaction and aftermath of this codification of new born Hindu law in this Indian Sub-continent. 1. Pre-history of Law in British period: 1.1 British East India Company Administration and Indigenous Law: The British East India Company (BEIC) administration had two types of juridical interests. First: as representative of the company, the administrators had the authority to conclude treaties with the native authorities who had to take the form of law, regulating the relations between the parties and break of such treaties was liable to harsh punishment. The BEIC used such treaties to achieve its end of expansion of its control on Indian territories. However, the validity of such treaties was subject to the armed strength or weakness of signatory powers and was usually implemented by force. Second: the prime concern of the BEIC administration, after the assumption of growing civil authority in Bengal by 1757, was the administration of revenue. Therefore the BEIC had dual authority of administration and judicature. In this capacity, they had to work for the interpretation, formulation and promulgation of laws, especially relevant to the administration of revenue. Until the last quarter of eighteenth century, the company’s administration carried different experiments to

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