Though both Christianity and Islam believe themselves to be the one true religion, Islam went about establishing itself as a dominant religion differently…by the way of the sword. The Islam religion was originated by the prophet Muhammad. He spread this faith first to his family and friends, and then went on teaching it to his clan. He formed a tight society that eventually “brought most of southern and western Arabia under its control.”(Bentley 90) After Muhammad’s death, his followers went on to expand the first Islamic Empire. Such areas included: Egypt, North Africa, Armenia, etc.
What types of additional documentation would help access the rise and fall of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals? Historical Background Beginning in 1280, the Ottoman Turks rose from a minor frontier state to control most of Southeastern Europe, Southwest Asia, and parts of North Africa. For centuries, European Christians refused to ring church bells for fear that local inhabitants would think the Turks had invaded. Starting in the early 1500’s CE, in Persia and India, the Safavids and Mughals created powerful states, whose institutions and policies shared many similarities to the Ottoman Empire. Until their decline in the 1700’s CE, these three Muslim states controlled the richest and most developed lands on three continents, and challenged Europeans for
Politics Islam and Hinduism constantly clashed, causing wars. Delhi Sultanate- Between 13th and 16th centuries, 33 sultans ruled over divided territory in Delhi. Babur gained a small part of this empire, which was later taken away. With a forceful army he acquired the land he lost as well as more, establishing the Mughal Empire. Babur’s grandson, Akbar (Great) unified the land and people.
After studying at Indian schools, like Nehru, he leaves the country to receive higher level education at England. In 1896, Jinnah returns to India after being qualified as a lawyer. In 1906 Jinnah joins the all India congress, and then in 1913, he joins the Muslim league and was later on, called the ambassador between Islam and Hindu. Then after years of service in the congress, Jinnah resigns in 1919 and starts to look at the interests of the Muslim people. Then in 1930, he comes up with the idea that an Islam country would have to be made separate from India, once India becomes independent.
In some way Islam brought to the Muslim world not only a uniting religion but also a new set of values, understandings, a whole new way of life. After the death of the prophet Muhammad Islam continued to spread. The Arabic armies were attacking, invading and conquering different parts of three continents, Europe, Asia and Africa. People converted to Islam wherever they went. About A.D. 700 Islam reached North Africa and most of Southeast Asia.
The reciting of these visions became the basis and holy book of Islam, the Quran. Soon after, Muhammad began preaching within the city of Mecca where he formed a community or “ummah” (http://www.al-islam.org/encyclopedia/). A little over ten years this ummah migrated to Medinah. This even is called the Hijrah and represents when Islam became a recognized religion and a political force (http://www.xenos.org/essays/islam.htm). Despite sharing the same origins, differences between the branches of Islam led them to each become unique and have their own way of life.
During the late 1800s and early 1900s, European imperialism radically changed the boundaries inside the continents of Africa and Asia incorporating them into their developing colonial empire. This was the same scenario for British imperialism in India. Over time, the colony and colonizer’s opinion on imperialism evolves, as both experience the downside and upside of colonialism. Britain, mother country of India, had benefitted very much from their colony and dramatically improved the quality of life in India. (doc1) (doc4) Through India, Britain was able to obtain tropical produce for their citizens.
In the 1,300 years after the life of Muhammad, the relationships between Christianity and Islam have remained less than harmonious. As the Muslim Empire spread, much after the conquering of the Judeo-Christian Holy Land and the Christian Byzantine Empire. During the 11th and 13th centuries, the Christian Crusades waged mainly against Muslims, served only to separate the two faiths in a greater capacity. Constantinople, the "New Rome" and the center of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, fell to the Turks in 1453, living under Islamic rule after this defeat (ReligionFacts,
The Forgotten Christian World Christianity in all its forms began in the Middle Eastern region during the 1st century C.E., but as it became the state religion of the Roman Empire in the Western Mediterranean, denominations that disagreed with the specific beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church were forced out of Roman-controlled regions and found refuge in Persian-controlled lands. Without the constraints of the Roman theocratic government, these denominations were free to expand and spread deep into the Asian continent. For the first one thousand years of the Common Era, while Christians throughout Europe were struggling to convert and dominate the indigenous religions they encountered, Christianity was able to coexist peacefully as the minority religion in the Middle East and Asia. This coexistence was possible perhaps because these Christians found themselves in the midst of the more tolerant and accepting religions and cultures of Buddhism and Hinduism in China and India, and even early Islam in the Middle East. It is possible that the influence of these religions is the reason that Eastern Christians exhibited a
The first major change in the Islamic world from 600 to 800 CE was around 632 CE when Islam was created, a religious combination of Jewish, Christian, and Arabic faiths. In the beginning of 600 CE a man called Muhammad experienced a spiritual revelation and became the prophet of Allah, the one, true God, and spread his beliefs. Islam forever changed the Islamic world’s way of life influencing people to live a united, monotheist lifestyle and follow the Five Pillars of Islam which became the base of their religion. After Muhammad died the umma, or religious community, unraveled due to the empty role