Hildegard Peplau's Interpersonal Relations in Nursing Theory Essay

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Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations in Nursing Theory Innocent A, RN NUR 301-90 Application of Nursing Theory October 10, 2012 Trena S, EdDc, MSN, RN Introduction Many nursing theorists have presented theories in nursing that touch on specific aspects of the nursing process, or nursing as a whole as a profession. Virginia Henderson for instance, developed a theory on human needs she called ‘The Needs Theory,’ Patricia Benner, ‘The Novice to Expert Theory,’ mapping individual skills growth in the profession, and Dr. Madeleine Leininger in ‘Culture Care Theory’ stresses on cultural competence in nursing care (Reed & Shearer, P285,278,404). All these are rich nursing works. Hildegard E. Peplau in a similar light published a nursing theory on interpersonal relations in 1952. A close look at her theory got me so fascinated with her invention for it very quickly proved very practical in many ways to my daily experiences in provision of nursing care, even as a novice nurse. Before I further delve into how practical Peplau’s theory clearly is to my daily application of nursing care, let me first present who Peplau was and what her theory is all about. Peplau was born in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1909, earned a BA in interpersonal psychology in 1943, and an MA in psychiatric nursing from Columbia university, New York in 1947. She published her theory of interpersonal relations in nursing in 1952, a middle range descriptive classification theory (Current Nursing). The central theme of her theory was that “nursing is a therapeutic, interpersonal, and goal-oriented process,” and that nursing interventions are directed towards developing the patient’s personality towards productive, personal, and community living (Taylor, Lilis, & Lemone, 2005, P80). This central concept of her theory was prepared around four components: the person, she

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