High Risk Paper

1895 WordsApr 5, 20138 Pages
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDs) in the Child Alycia D. Whitley Minnesota West Community and Technical College Most children who are living with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDs) become infected through mother-to-child transmission. This virus may be transmitted before birth, during the birthing process, or during breastfeeding. The focus of this article is the child who is at risk for being infected with AIDS and the treatment options available for them. There have been many advances in medicine since this disease was first discover. The preferred method of treatment by physicians has become antiretroviral therapy. However this treatment is not a cure for this disease and it can only be effective for those who are diagnosed at the early stages of this disease. The only way to prevent these children from becoming infected is to educate mothers about this disease (Avert, 2012). Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDs) is caused by human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. This virus damages human immune cells and if left untreated it most often leads to infected individuals developing AIDs. This disease alters the immune system and makes individuals with this illness much more vulnerable to infections and other diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the disease progresses and often results in death (Nordqvist, 2012). AIDs is not something that can be transmitted through genes. This disease is a condition that one must acquire or get infected with. A person may become infected through coming in contact with fluids from an infected individual such as sex, sharing needs, blood transfusions, or mother to child transmission. Each year around 1.5 million women living with HIV become pregnant, and without antiretroviral therapy drugs there is a 15 to 45 percent chance that their child will also become infected. A child with this virus is more

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