High Cholesterol Has Side Effects Essay

984 WordsFeb 26, 20134 Pages
High cholesterol is a dangerous disease that can lead to many life threatening ailments, including stroke, heart disease, and lower extremity arterial disease (Landi, F., Russo, A., Pahor, M., Capoluongo, E., Liperoti, R., Cesari, M., Bernabei, R., & Onder, G., p.1). This fat-like substance roams in the blood of the body and is vital to life, but when there is too much intake, the body can malfunction and cause problematic to sometimes-fatal outcomes. Occasionally, levels can be lowered by diet alone, such as decreasing the intake of foods that are high in cholesterol and saturated fats. Although, it is more typical for the older population to need assistance from specific medications known as statins (Wenger, N., & Lewis, S., Herrington, D., et al, p.1). Cholesterol is a fat like substance, which is produced in the liver and also taken in through a person's diet. Cholesterol travels through the body in tiny clumps known as lipoproteins. There are two types of lipoproteins: low- density lipoproteins (LDL, known as bad cholesterol) and high- density lipoproteins (HDL, known as good cholesterol). LDL's function is to carry cholesterol where it is needed, whereas HDL's function is to carry all left over cholesterol back to the liver. When cholesterol levels are high, cholesterol builds up in the arteries and makes the walls of the artery hard and narrow, which raises blood pressure and impedes blood flow, which in turn may cause a heart attack or stroke. HDL is then responsible for carting this substance away from the arteries and relieving the tension or pressure placed on that artery. For this reason, it is healthiest to have low LDL cholesterol levels and high HDL cholesterol levels (Berman, A. & Snyder, S. p. 814 & 1251). Risk for heart disease due to cholesterol is dependent on several factors. One factor is diabetes. People who have diabetes are more prone to

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