A better education and health care will improve the labors’ output, as productivity will be higher. Further to this, people will be more able to save more from their increase in income, which allows higher rates of investment and therefore increase in growth. The graph above is a PPF curve, which shows consumer goods against capital goods. Since there is an increase in Aggregate demand, this will potentially lead to an increase in economic growth as seen from the graph above. However, on the other hand an excessively equal
Firstly, real disposable income is the main influence of consumer expenditure. Richer households tend to spend more than poorer ones. This is important because the amount of real disposable income will dramatically effect the AD as if the amount is low then barely any money will be spent. Secondly, wealth is another factor. The richer people are the higher their APC.
If there is spare capacity (negative output gap), then demand side policies can play a role in increasing economic growth. For example if we decrease interest rates, we will increase the demand in the economy as people have more money as their mortgage costs are decreased. It is the same idea with lowering taxes - this will boost demand, as people have more money to spend as less is taken away from them by the government. Aggregate demand is made up of consumption (consumer spending, Investments Government spending and Exports (minus) imports (Net exports). If anything affects these factors will result in affecting the demand.
Precedents usually yield higher valuations than trading comps because a buyer must pay shareholders more than the current trading price to acquire a company. This is referred to as the control premium (use 20 percent as a 31 Customized for: JJ (email@example.com) Vault Guide to Private Equity and Hedge Fund Interviews Finance benchmark). If the buyer believes it can achieve synergies with the merger, then the buyer may pay more. This is known as the synergy premium. Between LBOs and DCFs, the DCF should have a higher value because the required IRR (cost of equity) of an LBO should be higher than
The first weakness is that as more stocks are outstanding, the amount of dividends payable increases. The value of the stock may also decrease if there are too many shares available. Another disadvantage is that stock financing is not tax deductible. Finally, as stocks are issued, there are more shareholders to please. Organizations face many opportunities when selecting a means to meet capital needs.
A higher inventory always means to have some financial capital bounded. To compensate some part of this effect, Rolls-Royce’s operations sets the goal to improve its management of the financial working capital. In order to gain higher responsiveness, Rolls-Royce increased inventory, even this may have on an insulated view a negative impact to the financial performance. However, by increasing
Chapter 4 problems: “We prefer to have more money in the future than today”. Interest rate comes from that people want to have a higher expected wealth in the future. The higher the risk the higher the interest rate. 4.11 a) 100/1,08 + 100/1,08^2 + 100/1,08^3 = PV b) 100*1,08^2 + 100*1,08 + 100 = FV c) Same answer as b) 4.14 Draw a timeline so you know where you are! a) Today 1 year 2 years 10 years -10.000 500 1.500 10.000 NPV = -10.000 + 500/1,06 + 1.500/1,06^2 + 10.000/1,06^10 = -2.609,36 If the interest rate were lower the project would be positive.
Companies can grow faster in a developing country than they can in a MEDC which has more competition, and with company growth comes increased investment from the company in machinery and workers, which increases consumption and an increased level of employment, who work for the company. This initial entrepreneurship leads to a multiplier effect with the new workers spending their income, due to increased disposable income and this leads to greater consumption from the workers. The investment into machinery and workers leads to an increased gross domestic product, the value of output from domestic based companies. Foreign investors would be attracted to the developing country due to the high rate of economic growth and the increasing GDP, and the investment comes as an injection into the circular flow of income, and increased foreign investment can further increase the speed of growth for a company, possibly allowing the company to expand to other nations in the long run. The increased entrepreneurship
The basic answer is that share repurchases are great when the share price is undervalued, and not-so-great when the share price is overvalued. To put it into a more useful context, if you would otherwise reinvest your dividends or invest new capital into the company at current stock prices, then share repurchases are useful to you because the company basically does it for you. The alternative is that the company could pay you a higher dividend, but you’d be taxed on that dividend and reinvest it into the company anyway. On the other hand, if you would not reinvest dividends or invest new capital into the company at current prices, then share repurchases are not in alignment with your current outlook, and it would be better for you to receive a higher dividend. Something else to be considered is that when a company uses money for share repurchases when it could be paying a higher dividend instead, the company’s management is limiting your control and increasing theirs.
In turn, the economy can operate more efficiently. Higher profit leads to higher dividends and