The endocrine system consists of mainly the pituitary and pineal glands in the brain, the thyroid and parathyroid in the throat, the thymus gland which is located near the heart, the adrenal and sexual glands. The hypothalamus also plays an important role in stimulating certain hormones from the pituitary gland. On a lesser degree neurons also secrete hormones into the bloodstream. The pituitary gland lies close to the hypothalamus of the brain and is often referred to as the master gland. This is because it secretes various hormones that control all the other glands in the body when stimulated by the hypothalamus.
3. Return to the main Endocrine System homepage and click on the Pituitary Gland. a. The pituitary produces several hormones that regulate various parts including other endocrine glands. This rather large role earns it the “master gland” nickname.
1. DESCRIBE THE DISORDER/DISORDERS Endometriosis is the growth of the endometrium tissue in places other than the uterus walls (E.g. fallopian tubes); endometrium is the tissue that lines the uterus. The most common places where endometriosis occurs are the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the bowel, and the areas in front, in back, and to the sides of the uterus. All endometrium tissue respond to the hormones oestrogen and progesterone, along with the misplaced cells.
Whereas other theorists have argued that is is the way we are brought up and influenced by our surroundings that makes an individual the way they are. Nature means the genetic and biological influences that affect our growth and development. The nature side of the debate believes that it is inherited factors which have more impact on your life and development. For example, the colour or type of your hair, your eye colour, the pigmentation of your skin, and also genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis are all the result of the genes we inherit. These biological factors are said to determine an individual’s development and characteristics .
The biological approach is shown to be one of the most scientific explanations for human behaviour. The key assumptions suggest human behaviour is strongly determined by our genes, biological processes (chemical imbalances, fight/flight responses), and genetic inheritance. The nervous system also has an essential role, especially the brain and central nervous system, where each structure has an important function in the control of behaviour and thoughts. The central nervous system is split into the spinal cord and brain, and is concerned with all life functions and psychological processes. The peripheral nervous system, also part of the nervous system, transmits information to and from the nervous system.
Homeostatic Imbalance/Unit 8 Assignment William Thornbury Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology SC121 Instructor: Eric D. Steelman, DHSc(c), MPH, MS, RLATG 10/17/14 Homeostatic Imbalance The endocrine system helps regulate and maintain various body functions by synthesizing (making) and releasing hormones, chemical messengers. The major areas of control and integration include responses to stress and injury, growth and development, absorption of nutrients, energy metabolism, water and electrolyte balance, reproduction, birth, and lactation. The endocrine system is composed of glands that release their hormones directly into the bloodstream for chemical signaling of target cells. Typically, the body synthesizes hormones in one part and transports it to another through the bloodstream or lymph. Endocrine glands have a rich blood supply through which hormones travel to reach their target organs.
The Biological approach is the belief that our nervous and endocrine systems, as well as genetics are what define our behavior and personalities. Hormones and neurotransmitters are another factor of what effects our behavior, our hormone and nervous system and what cause us to react to disorders and situations such as anxiety, which is a trait passed down within the genetic coding. DNA is made up of many traits which are all relatively stable and cause people to act in certain ways, such as cheerful, imaginative, or even bold, this is decided by the combination of traits someone possesses, which makes every individual unique in their own way. The biological psychologists also believed in maturation, which is that children grow from birth to adult in stages, which includes a predetermined age at which an average child should reach certain life events at a given age, these are
Each choice a person makes can affect and cause a disease. Genetics is a major factor in cause of disease as the genes passed onto offspring contain the alleles that directly affect the phenotype of the offspring. Disease can often be linked to the sex of the offspring as well. Some diseases such as haemophilia are directly linked to the sex of the child and so shows that genetics is an important factor in disease. The probability of contracting a genetic disease can be increased due to interbreeding.
This fact often gets overlooked in media reports hyping scientific breakthroughs on gene function, and, unfortunately, this can be very misleading to the public” explained Joseph McInerney (2011). Genetics influence your physiological characteristics as well as your temper, fear, and certain preferences, even your intelligence. So whether we like it or not, our parents are slightly responsible for our behavior. How does the body communicate internally? The brain is a powerful organ if you understand its full potential.
Although the term talent development has different meanings to different people, talent must definitely include intelligence. The word intelligence is almost likely to cause disagreements in the field of gifted education as is genetics. Nature or nurture; which plays a larger role in one’s intellectual aptitude, and ultimately, in the person they will become? A recent study seems to have tipped the scales in favour of nature. In an international collaboration known as ENIGMA (Enhancing Neuro Imaging Genetics through Meta-Analysis), a team of over 200 researchers discerned several specific genes that are directly linked to IQ and brain volume of an individual.