His mitochondria will no longer have blood glucose or oxygen to make ATP. The lack of ATP will cause no more cellular function. Joseph’s active transport pumps will eventually shut down the plasma membranes of his heart, which then will cause sodium to leak into the cells and potassium to come out causing waste removal. C. The intracellular organelles that have membranes as part of their structure are all intracellular organelles. The breakdown of the membranes of the structures will affect the function of Joseph’s heart cells because Joseph was no longer receiving calcium in his cardiac muscle cells.
According to Marcela and an article from Cindy Cleary and Jo DelAmor, calcium in milk cannot be absorbed in our bodies because there is not a sufficient amount of magnesium. In order to absorb 1500mg of calcium, you would have to consume 750mg of magnesium; milk contains 300mg of calcium and 27mg of magnesium, you would need 123mg more of magnesium in order for the calcium in milk to absorb to its full potential. As a result, calcium from milk is deposited into soft tissue rather than bones (Cleary; DelAmor). The lack of absorption leads to other harmful problems such as kidney stones, arthritis, and gout. Milk also goes through a process called pasteurization, its intentions are to kill the bad bacteria, but it also strips away enzymes and nutrients that help digest the milk.
Diabetes “On my honor, I have not given nor accepted any unauthorized assistance on this assignment and it is solely the result of my own effort and thinking.” Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. There are 3 types of diabetes there is type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Each have their own causes, risk factors, symptoms, and treatment. In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, eventually eliminating insulin production from the body. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb glucose, in which they need to produce energy.
3. The cellular processes that would be impaired by rotenone would affect the cellular process of the electron transport chain which occurs within the mitochondrion of a cell. In information provided it states that rotenone is an agent that would inhibit the electron transport chain within the mitochondrial therefore would affect the electron transport chain. Part 2: 1. I think that the specific cellular process that was affected by the poison was the first step in the electron transport chain.
Enzymes work by lowering the activation energy of a reaction, by binding to a substrate and forming an enzyme-substrate complex. Which are then activated, that increases the probability of a chemical reaction. Though since enzymes are proteins, they can denature, making them useless, which is dangerous because, toxic compounds can build up, and with enzymes to catalyze them, they could kill/damage cells. Horseradish peroxidase is most commonly used for oxidase, but it has not be systemically studied in different pH values, also if there is an inhibitor in the solution, adding more peroxidase, which
Would there be an overall negative side effect? If lactic acid did not burn there would be an overall negative side effect to the body. The lactic acid that was produced and diffused into the blood will just continue to collect in the blood stream. The pH levels of the blood will then be thrown off. The glucose that the liver usually converts from the lactic acid is no longer available and cannot be redistributed for more ATP.
The destruction of beta cells cause Type I diabetes. The cause of the beta cells' destruction has yet to be determined, but scientists believe that it is caused by something that has gone wrong with the body's immune system. In Type II diabetes the problem is that the beta cells do not produce enough insulin to meet the needs of the body. Besides to this problem, the cells in the body does not react appropriately to the available insulin in the body because they cannot admit glucose through the cell membranes. Type II diabetes is caused by multiple factors.
B. Assuming Joseph’s heart has stopped, what cellular processes and membrane functions are going to be affected by the loss of oxygen, blood glucose, and waste removal? Joseph’s blood flow will be slowed to his heart and brain, glucose and essential potassium ions may not be readily available. Since the mitochondria can be the site of most ATP production, they are referred to as the powerhouse of the cell, but can not function properly without energy. C. Which intercellular organelles have membranes as part of their structure?
D) The protein digestion will be affected by Chloe’s surgery because the proteins will be flushed out of the body at a faster rate. Because of the proteins being flushed out at a faster rate she would have malabsorption. Digestive system is altered with gastric bypass surgery the amount of acid in the stomach produced is much lower than the amount of acid the stomach produced before the surgery. With acid being extremely important with breaking down proteins, Chloe’s digestive system will have difficulty breaking down the proteins into the proper amino acids, proteins cannot be absorbed as a whole they need to be absorbed as amino acids. Because of the re-sectioning of Chloe’s stomach after the surgery there will be a reduction or elimination of hydrochloric acid, pepsinogen, and the
MSUD is a potentially deadly disorder that affects the way the body breaks down three amino acids, leucine, isoleucine, and valine. People with MSUD have a mutation that results in a deficiency for one of the 6 proteins that make up this complex. Therefore, they can't break down leucine, isoleucine, and valine. They