Hepatitis C Essay

462 WordsOct 16, 20142 Pages
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C is a disease that affects the liver and is caused by the Hepatitis C virus. The liver under normal uninfected circumstances is responsible for several functions. The liver is the largest internal organ and the largest gland in the human body. Its functions are vital in human health. The liver is absolutely necessary for survival, and there is no current way to compensate for the absence of long term liver function. The liver is responsible for; * Production of cholesterol and special proteins to help carry fats through the body * Conversion of excess glucose into glycogen for storage * Production of certain proteins for blood plasma * Production of bile, which helps carry away waste and break down fats in the small intestine during digestion * Regulation of blood levels of amino acids, which form the building blocks of proteins * Processing of hemoglobin for use of its iron content (the liver also stores iron) * Conversion of poisonous ammonia to urea * Clearing the blood of drugs and other poisonous substances * Regulating blood clotting * Resisting infections by producing immune factors and removing bacteria from the bloodstream Hepatitis C is contagious and can be spread through contaminated blood transfusions, injections with contaminated syringes, injection drug use, being born to a hepatitis C-infected mother or less commonly the sharing of personal items contaminated with infectious blood. The diagnosis of Hepatitis C is confirmed when the virus is present in the blood. Hepatitis C causes tiny scares of the liver, which, over time join together and begin to prevent blood from flowing freely through the liver. The lack of proper blood flow through the liver impairs normal function and if untreated can lead to liver failure. The symptoms of hepatitis C vary based on severity but

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