Hep C Research Paper

1502 Words7 Pages
Hepatitis C In the 1980s an unknown virus, similar to hepatitis A and B, was identified as the cause of potentially fatal liver disease. Now this virus, known as hepatitis C, has infected an estimated 130-170 million people worldwide (http://www.hepctrust.org.uk) with 2% of the cases within the United States. Hepatitis C is a malady of the digestive system that inhibits the body’s ability to function normally and can lead to death if not treated or treated improperly properly. Hepatitis C first makes contact with the cardiovascular system by starting out as a blood borne virus. From the blood, the virus infects the liver, making Hepatitis C a malady of the digestive system. The digestive system is made up of two groups, the alimentary canal- a series of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus, and the accessory digestive organs. The “mouth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines (duodenum, jejunum, and ileum), large intestines (transverse colon, descending colon, ascending colon, cecum, sigmoid colon, rectum, appendix, and anal canal), and anus being apart of the alimentary canal and the salivary glands (parotid, sublingual, and submandibular gland), teeth, pancreas, gallbladder, and liver being part of the accessory digestive organs” (Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology). The digestive systems primary function is to turn nutrients into ATP (energy), and to process and package the leftover residue for waste disposal. The parasympathetic, unlike the sympathetic, is important to the digestive system because it “promotes normal digestion and feces and urine elimination” (Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology). The digestive systems involuntary muscles, called smooth muscles, and glands are controlled by the autonomic nervous system (which is composed of the parasympathetic and sympathetic), specifically the
Open Document