Fewer companies are willing to enter the market because of the SOX requirements that make going public too costly. Plus, the maintenance required to stay public is too expensive for smaller companies, forcing companies to look elsewhere to raise capital. Rising costs persuade large numbers of companies to exit the public markets to sidestep SEC regulation, creates two problems. First, the overall economy could suffer because corporations limit investment projects due to the higher-cost sources of capital to fund potentially new operations. Second, financially stressed companies that go dark are the very companies’ shareholders need to monitor usually and where transparency is most important.
Were they beneficial for the consumer? At first the expansion of big business was good for the consumer by bringing more goods at a cheaper price but as time went on they noticed a monopoly affect in where big corporations, and the greed that ran them, could increase the rates of their goods and the consumer would have to pay or do without. What types of backlash arose due to Big is was do to Business? Many Americans felt uneasy about the rise of giant corporations and their increasing influence over people’s lives. Workers had virtually no bargaining power with their employers and were extremely vulnerable to economic downturns, which left them unemployed at a moment’s notice.
CRITICAL ISSUES * lack of smart and strong decision making because of owner and CEO’s different perspectives/priorities * sales have increased, but profitability have decreased * ineffective management of A/P and A/R have made the company insolvent * may lose loans because bank requires current ratio of 1.25 SITUATION ANALYSIS The major decisions for the company are taken by the owner rather than the CEO. The owner lacks business sense and his decisions are based on emotional feelings, not for the benefit of the company. The owner is not willing to outsource operations and wages are above industry average. From 2001 to 2005 sales have increased by 186%; whereas, COGS and selling and admin has increased by 199% and 166% respectively. High operating expenses and ineffective management of A/R have led the company to insolvency by demonstrating a quick ratio of 0.38.
Economic costs of inflation- Inflations economic costs would include damage to competitiveness as high inflation could cause spiralling price multiplier effect; as prices go up workers would demand higher wages so increasing business costs and another round of price rises to maintain business profits- making exports for expensive, thus reducing the demand for them causing a decrease and AD domestically. Additionally this may lead to unemployment as more costs to the firm i.e. menu costs. Change in inflation could also cause uncertainty to consumers/businesses to spend and invest as they don’t know what the future holds, this can decrease confidence in the market and potentially, in the longer term, cause and reduction in AD. Economic costs of deflation- deflation has proved to have several economic costs, the main cost is that it encourages differed expenditure where people’s expectations change and they delay spending in the hope of getting a better deal.
The weakness of Kudler Fine Foods is that an IPO (Initial Public Offering) has many inherent and potential weaknesses that must be examined prior to selection as a means for expansion. An IPO is the first sale of stock by a company. There are many advantages and disadvantages for the Kudler Fine Foods to go public through the IPO. The advantages include generating more capital needed to expand their three locations The IPOs are very expensive undertaking, and a large portion of any capital acquired will be lost to this cost. Because the company must produce all financial information to the SEC many businesses find it to be very stressful and time consuming which takes time and money away from a company that is thriving like Kudler Fine Foods.
This can make expanding and growing very difficult and decisions must be mad wisely. When it comes to their products that are purchased around the world to ensure high quality, expanding may affect that quality, making it hard to supply a specialty product. Going public through an IPO, may change the very decision made that make their company special, or it may enhance their products by providing more resources. Acquiring another company in the same industry to help their company grow could cause increased financial stability or increase their financial burden. Kudler can merge with another organization in hope to expand while implementing their mission and values on that organization or that organization may hurt their reputation.
This causes people to have to pay more for products. Stealing affects the economy because it causes the prices of products to rise. Stolen items are lost revenue. Businesses then have to raise the prices to recoup or make up for the loss of products that aren't available for sale, but have been purchased by the business for resale Who Pays the Price Retailers know when the economy plummets, shoplifting does the exact opposite. And when the holidays approach, they also have to brace themselves for the swell in retail theft.
The SOX also calls for additional audits which increase business costs. If a business has increased costs and expenses due to the abidance of the SOX, it will most likely take money from other aspects of the business which can negatively impact the investors. The effectiveness of the SOX is debated by the advantages versus the disadvantages that companies and investors face. De Vay (2006) stated that, “The majority of the survey respondents feel that the benefits of
Recession is two consecutive quarters of negative economy growth. During recession, there is low level of demand because people don’t have much money to spend. So they look for cheaper products that they can afford. At this time businesses confidence gets low as people aren’t demanding for their products so they would have to cut out their productions as they don’t need to make as much products. At this time they would need to provide cheaper price to attract their consumers and to increase the demand.
In short run profit maximization will increase however in long run it is harder to increase companies profit because they will need perfect information in order to prevent the risk of the market. According to reality in most of times big companies work for society, to get a brand image and name lowering prices, use child labor and pesticides in order to create lower cost and therefore increase their profit. Sometimes companies make polices in order to get subsides as low carbon emission. As a result more consumers are demanding these products. In the short run firms may not increase their profits because the cuts in prices but if they achieve this in long run they may experience maxim profits.