A Helpful Guide to Essay Writing!
By Vivien Perutz
ESSAY WRITING Contents Introduction Part 1 – structure and organisation A good essay structure A model essay structure Essay writing – the main stages Stage 1 – analysing the question Key words in essay titles Stage 2 – planning Stage 3 – use your plan to guide your research Stage 4 – refine your plan Stage 5 – drafting Stage 6 – editing your draft Useful linking words and phrases Part 2 – style and clarity Academic writing style Descriptive writing Argumentative writing Evaluative writing Using personal experience A critical, analytical approach Using your reading to support your writing Citing references in text – some useful expressions Conventions of style in academic writing Expressing your ideas clearly Spot the gaffe! Sources of further guidance Useful websites Page 3 4 4 4 5 6 6 8 9 9 10 10 11 14 14 14 15 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 23
Introduction Please note the following is general guidance; different courses have different demands. You should check with individual tutors regarding specific requirements. The guide is partly based on material gathered and adapted from a range of publications listed in the further reading section at the end. Part 1 concentrates on structural and organisational aspects. Part 2 offers guidance on style and clarity in essay writing. The guidelines should be taken as just that. There is no rule, for example, that says you must plan an essay before writing it. Some people find that they work best by getting the ideas flowing first and imposing some sort of structure later; it is only once they start writing that they start to have an idea of what their direction will be. Even so, they must be clear at the outset as to what the essay title requires of them to make sure that they stay within its constraints. If, however, you are fairly new to essay writing and not very confident about it, you might find it helpful to follow the suggested stages on...