Heinrich Himmler: The Chief Executioner Of The Third Reich

1465 Words6 Pages
Heinrich Himmler was born in 1900 and died in 1945. Heinrich Himmler was to become one of the most feared men in Nazi Germany and Europe once World War Two broke out. As head of the SS, he had ultimate responsibility of internal security in Nazi Germany and was associated with helping to organise the Final Solution though Reinhard Heydrich. He also had a major input into the organisation of the Holocaust. He was old enough to serve in the German Army in 1918 and saw out the last days of World War One. After the war, he became a salesman for a fertiliser company. He joined the Nazi Party in 1923 and quickly developed a reputation for thoroughness and efficiency. From 1925 to 1930, he was propaganda leader for the Nazis in Bavaria, Swabia and…show more content…
Adolf Eichmann was a SS officer who planned with detail the sending of Jews and other groups to death camps such as Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka and Sobibor. Such work was to earn Eichmann the title Chief Executioner of the Third Reich. Adolf Eichmann was born on March 19th, 1906 in Solingen. After dropping out of college in 1925, Eichmann worked as a travelling salesman for the Vacuum Oil Company. He joined the Wandervogel group - a group that was anti-Semitism. In 1932, aged 26, Eichmann moved back to Austria where he joined the Austrian Nazi Party. In April 1932, Eichmann joined the SS Division of the Austrian Nazi Party. In November of the same year he became a full SS member and was appointed as a SS-Mann. Eichmann was appointed to the administrative staff at Dachau Concentration Camp, just outside of Munich. In 1934, Eichmann applied to join the fear Security Police and his transfer was accepted in November 1934. He worked in the SD's headquarters in Berlin. His work as an administrator was quickly recognised and in…show more content…
Once again, Eichmann demonstrated his organisational skills. At the start of the war in 1939, Eichmann worked in the Office for Jewish Emigration. By late 1939, Eichmann's work covered the whole of Nazi-occupied Europe and in 1940, he was transferred to the Gestapo. It was at the Wannsee meeting that the Final Solution was decided on and Eichmann was appointed Transportation Administrator. In 1944, Eichmann was sent to Hungary after the Nazis had occupied the country. Eichmann's trial started on February 11th, 1961. As well as crimes against humanity, Eichmann was charged with crimes against the Jewish people. The trial was broadcast live throughout the world. Eichmann's defence was that he had only been following orders from a higher authority. The three judges at the trial did not accept this and he was found guilty on all charges. On December 15th, 1961, Eichmann was sentenced to death and he was hanged a few minutes after midnight on June 1st, 1962. His body was cremated and his ashes were scattered at

More about Heinrich Himmler: The Chief Executioner Of The Third Reich

Open Document