Atrial Fibrilation is described by Mayo Clinic as “an irregular and often rapid heart rate that commonly causes poor blood flow to the body.” “During atrial fibrillation, the heart's two upper chambers (the atria) beat chaotically and irregularly — out of coordination with the two lower chambers (the ventricles) of the heart. Atrial fibrillation symptoms often include heart palpitations, shortness of breath and weakness. Episodes of atrial fibrillation can come and go, or you may develop atrial fibrillation that doesn't go away and may require treatment. Although atrial fibrillation itself usually isn't life-threatening, it is a serious medical condition that sometimes requires emergency treatment. It can lead to complications.
The normal values range from 12-16.5 g/dl for men and women so when a person is diagnosed with anemia their hemoglobin levels are usually below 13gm/dl . According to the New York Times Health Guide, Anemia can lead to secondary organ dysfunction or damage. This includes heart arrhythmia and heart failure. These issues can occur if the anemia is severe and is not treated over time. Although arrhythmias are caused by a number of reasons which include alcohol, smoking, exercising, coronary disease and heart failure, some arrhythmias are caused with no evident reason.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) or also referred to as Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), a heart disease that develops when your coronary arteries, the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients become damaged. CHD is a term used commonly for buildup of plaque in the hearts arteries that could lead to heart attack. Cholesterol containing deposits, also known as plaque on your arteries is to blame for CAD. With CAD, the plaque starts to first grow in the coronary arteries until blood flow to the heart’s muscle becomes limited, in other words, ischemia. It could be chronic and is caused by the narrowing of the coronary artery and limitation of blood supply to part of the muscle.
When plaque builds up in the arteries, it reduces, or eventually blocks where blood can flow. CAD over time can weaken the heart muscle, cause an irregular heartbeat, cause heart failure, or lead to death. Treatment and prevention are vital to caring for a patient with CAD. Treatment occurs after a patient has been diagnosis with CAD. They have either suffered a myocardial infarction or simply had angina (chest pain) that was evaluated with coronary angiography.
But for the patient who becomes critically ill during surgery, being in a facility with an ICU and extensive resources for the very sick patient can make a tremendous difference in the outcome. Here are some of the risk factor that included with cosmetic surgeries: * Poor Cosmetic Outcome: This may be the greatest fear of a plastic surgery patient: a result that not only fails to improve appearance, but actually makes one's appearance worse than before the surgery. * Scarring: One of the greatest risks to achieving an attractive outcome, scarring is not always predictable, but can be controlled in most cases. (Lickstein, 2013) Patients can decrease the risk of scarring by not smoking and following
However, many of the heart surgeries performed each year are unnecessary procedures that could be putting the patients' lives at greater risk. "(W)hen faced with heart disease, doctors recommend a bypass. By so doing, we think, they bypass the real problem. Bypasses are the single most commonly performed unnecessary surgery in the country," write Dr. Mark Hyman and Dr. Mark Liponis in Ultraprevention. In fact, according to Burton Goldberg, author of Heart Disease, most coronary artery bypass
Complications of abdominal surgery include: * Bleeding * Infection - Local infection of the operative field is prevented by asepsis (using sterile materials), and prophylactic antibiotics are often given in abdominal surgery or patients known to have a heart defect or mechanical heart valves (that would be more prone to endocarditis * Post-surgical adhesions - abnormal bands of tissue that grow in the human body. They may be thought of as internal scar tissue. In the case of frozen shoulder (also known as adhesive capsulitis) adhesions grow between the shoulder joint surfaces, restricting motion. Abdominal adhesions are most commonly caused by abdominal surgical procedures. These adhesions may grow over time and become attached to the walls of the abdomen, as well as to internal organs.
Kidney cancer is usually treated with radical nephrectomy. Simple nephrectomy: The surgeon removes only the kidney. A simple nephrectomy may be used for some people with early stage (stage 1) kidney cancer. Partial nephrectomy: The surgeon removes only the tumour and some of the tissue around the tumour. This type of surgery spares some of the kidney and may be used when the cancer affects both kidneys or if you have only one kidney because of a previous surger 2.
They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely. The sign and symptoms of severe defects in newborns include: rapid breathing, cyanosis (bluish tint to the skin, lips, and fingernails), fatigue and poor blood circulation. Although, many congenital heart defects have few to no signs and symptoms, they are not diagnosed until the child is older. Many don’t need treatment but some do.
This is caused by atherosclerosis, which is an accumulation of fatty materials on the inner linings of arteries. Resulting in a blockage, that restricts the blood flow to the heart. A heart attack occurs when the blood flow is completely cut off from the heart. Therefore it is important to keep yourself healthy so you will not have a heart attack. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the U.S.