Healthy Nutrition Intake

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Nutrition is present in all life’s processes from conception, growth and maturity from childhood to adulthood right up until death. According to the World Health Organisation having good health depends not only on the absence of illness and disease; but also maintaining good health emotionally, physically and mentally (WHO, 1946). People must be motivated to give up behaviour that can lead to long term health risks and engage in good behaviour. Throughout this assignment the main focus will be on the importance of a healthy nutritional diet and maintaining an adequate level of hydration. Concentrating on the input of the health care professional, the family and also the challenges and obstacles that they may encounter. There has to be a holistic approach in the promotion of health and wellbeing and consistent support available when needed to maintain it. According to the NHS guidelines to maintain an ideal weight the daily calorie intake for the average male is 2500cal and 2000cal for women, depending on factors like age and physical activity. Healthy BMI ranges from 18.5 to 24.9, below 18.5 is underweight and above 25 is overweight (NICE Guidelines, 2006 ) The Department of Health (2011) states that in the UK alone 63% of the male population is overweight or obese; 23.1% of children from 4-5 years of age and 33.3% of 10 – 11 year olds are overweight or obese. The UK has one of the biggest problems with obesity compared to the rest of Europe and cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death in the UK (British Heart Foundation, 2008). A balanced diet should include foods from the five food groups as shown on the ‘eat well food plate’ (Food Standards Agency, 2007). This is useful as it shows the recommended daily amount of food needed to maintain optimal health. It does not consider portion sizes therefore could cause individuals to over eat or not

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